Heavy Metals Monitoring Using Commercially Important Crustacean and Mollusks collected from Egyptian and Saudi Arabia Coasts
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 49-61
Received: Mar. 24, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 10, 2014; Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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Authors
Hala A. Abdel- Salam, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt
Salwa A. H. Hamdi, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt
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Abstract
The objectives of this study was to determine and compare the concentration levels of five selective essential trace metals ( Fe, Cu, Zn, Co and Se) and three non-essential metals (Hg, Pb and Cd) in the edible muscle tissues of commercially important species of male and female crustaceans (Erugosquilla massavensis, Penaeus semisulcatus, Metapenaeus monoceros, Portunus pelagicus) and mollusks (Sepia spp. And Cardium edule). It was carried out also to evaluate the bioaccumulation process of the elements based on the Metal Pollution Index (MPI) as an attempt to use these organisms as bioindicators of pollution of Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea and the Arabian gulf and to ensure the seafood safety from these regions. The obtained results revealed that significant variations of Fe, Cu, Zn, Co, Hg, Pb and Cd levels in edible muscles of crustacean and mollusk organisms were observed at different localities surveyed, as well as between sex of each species and environmental areas. The present data also, show that MPI factor of essential metals were higher than that of non-essential heavy metals in all studied organisms. Moreover, MPI values suggested that mantis shrimps E. massavensis and bivalve mollusks C. edule have a greater capacity for metal bioaccumulation than shrimps, crab and cephalopod mollusks, so E. massavensis and C. edule are more vulnerable to metal pollution than the other studied species. Therefore, it is suggested that E. massavensis and C. edule can be used as bioindicators of metal pollution
Keywords
Essential, Metal Pollution Index, Non-Essential, Heavy Metals, Bioaccumulation, Edible Muscles, Crustaceans, Mollusks
To cite this article
Hala A. Abdel- Salam, Salwa A. H. Hamdi, Heavy Metals Monitoring Using Commercially Important Crustacean and Mollusks collected from Egyptian and Saudi Arabia Coasts, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 49-61. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20140203.11
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