Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 1-4
Received: Jan. 8, 2014;
Published: Jan. 30, 2014
Views 3012 Downloads 185
Talha ELsadig Abbas, Department of Animal Production, University of ALneelain, Khartoum, Sudan
Poultry welfare acquired a lot of attention in the last years especially in Europe. That appears in the activities of Animal Welfare organisations in addition to the governments of European Union which include researches and performing legislations and standards for keeping poultry. In addition, emerge of kind of consumers preferring organic foods, which are the products of poultry that mostly kept in free range system, encourage develop of poultry welfare concern. On the other hand, in the developing countries particularly in Africa the concern of animal welfare appeared recently as a proposal by the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa after the 2nd Global Conference on Animal Welfare held in Cairo in (2008) and the Workshop for OIE National Animal Welfare Focal Points for Africa held in Addis Ababa in (2010). In Africa as many other developing countries free range keeping of local chickens is the major system of production till few years ago. Then producers went forward modern production and introduced technology into poultry farming and they became aware about poultry health and growth performance. Therefore researches are concentrating on improvement of production by manipulating problems related to import of new breeds to the tropics. Hence, to establish and progress animal welfare concern in developing countries more effort by members of this Working Group will be required.
Talha ELsadig Abbas,
Poultry Welfare in Developed and Developing Countries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2014, pp. 1-4.
Elson HA, de Jong IC, Kjaer JB, Sossidou EN, Tauson R. Poultry welfare management: WPSA Working Group Nine. World`s Poult Sci J. 2012; 68: 768-775.
World Organization for Animal Health, Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa. Animal welfare in OIE member countries and territories in the SADC region: Summaries of baseline country assessments. OIE, Paris, France. 2011; 1-3.
Dawkins MS. From an animal`s point of view: Motivation, fitness and animal welfare. Behav Brain Sci. 1990; 13: 1-9 (Abstract).
EFSA. The welfare aspects of various systems of keeping laying hens. EFSA Journal. 2005; 197: 1-23.
Moura DJ, Nääs IA, Pereira DF, Silva RBTR, Camargo GA. Animal welfare concepts and strategy for poultry production: a review. Braz J Poult Sci. 2006; 8: 137-147.
FAWC. Farm animal welfare: Health and disease. FAWC, London, UK. 2012. http://www.defra.gov.uk/fawc/.
Blokhuis HJ. Intensive production units and welfare: domestic fowl Rev Sci Tech off Int Epiz. 1994; 13: 67-78.
Penda PC. Egg and poultry technology house. Publishing House PYT Ltd. Janipura India. 1985; 2-4.
Akinyosoye VO. Poultry production in senior tropical agriculture. Macmillan Publisher Limited London Reprint. 1985; 161-165.
Rodić V, Perić L, Pavlovski Z, Milošević N. Competitiveness of table eggs from non-cage housing systems. Biotech Anim Husb. 2010; 26: 117-128.
Blokhuis HJ, Van Niekerk TF, Bessei W, Elson A, Guémené D, Kjaer JB, Maria Levrino GA, Nicol CJ, Tauson R, Weeks CA, Van de Weerd HA. The Lay Wel Project: welfare implications of changes in production systems for laying hens. World`s Poult Sci J. 2007; 63: 101-114.
Harrison R. Animal Machines. London: Vincent Stuart. 1964
Jones RB. Role of comparative psychology in the development of effective environmental enrichment strategies to improve poultry welfare. Inter J Comp Psychol. 2002; 15: 77-106.
Sonaiya EB. The context and prospects for development of smallholder rural poultry production in Africa. In: CTA Seminar Proceedings, vol. 1, Smallholder Rural Poultry Production Seminar, Thessaloniki, Greece. 1990; 35-52.
Kitalyi AJ. Village-chicken production systems in rural Africa: Household food security and gender focus. FAO, Animal Health and Production Series Rome, Italy. 1998; Paper No. 142
Adegbola TA, Anugwa OI, Nwosun CC, Okorie AU, Orji BI. Animal science. In: Youdeowei A., Ezedinma F. O. C. and Onazi O. C. (eds). Introduction to Tropical Agriculture. Longman, London. 1986; 198-239.
Kitalyi A J. Family poultry management systems in Africa: The scope and effect of family poultry research and development. INFPD/FAO E-conference.1999; http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/themes/en/infpd/documents/econf_scope/paper3.html
Mlozi MRS, Kalengi AVM, Minga UM, Mtambo AM, Olsen JE. Marketing of free-range local chickens in Morogoro and Kilosa urban markets, Tanzania. Livest Res Rural Dev. 2003; Vol. 15, Article 2 http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd15/2/mloz152.htm.
Jens Christian R, Anders B, Charlotte V, Ainsh MC, Lone F. Keeping village poultry. A technical manual for small-scale poultry production. Copenhagen, Denmark. 2004
Henning J, Pym R, Hla T, Kyaw N, Meers J. Village chicken production in Myanmar-purpose, magnitude and major constraints. World`s Poult Sci J. 2007; 63: 308-322.
Huque QME, Paul DC. Strategies for family poultry production with special reference to women participation. In: 1st SAARC Poultry Conference, 24-26 September, Pune, India. 2001; www.cipav.org.co/Irrd/Irrd9/3/bang931.htm.
Ovwigho BO, Bratte L, Isikwenu JO. Chicken management systems and egg production in Delta State Nigeria. Inter J Poult Sci. 2009; 8: 21-24.
Shumba EM, Whingwiri EE. Prospects for increased livestock production in communal areas: An agronomist perspective. In: Research and Extension for Livestock in Communal Area Farming Systems10-18 February. Henderson Research Station, Mazoe, Zimbabwe.1988.
Bowles D, Paskin R, Gutiérrez M, Kasterine A. Animal welfare and developing countries: Opportunities for trade in high-welfare products from developing countries. Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epiz. 2005; 24: 783-790.
Sullivan AO, Sheffrin SM. Economics: Principles in Action. Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 2003; 471.
Paskin RD. Good agricultural practices: what does the future hold? In proceedings: FAO/ Meat Board of Namibia/ NASSP Workshop on good agricultural practices for the livestock sector. 6-8 April, Windhoek. Namibia. 2004.