Gross-Pathologic and Therapeutic Implications for Uncomplicated White Line Disease in Dairy Cows: A Case Series Study
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 5, September 2013, Pages: 32-35
Received: Aug. 5, 2013; Published: Sep. 10, 2013
Views 3093      Downloads 128
Authors
Mohsen Nouri, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Fateme Katouli, Iranian Arad Pajouh Veterinary University Center, Tehran, Iran
Fahime Zibaee, Iranian Arad Pajouh Veterinary University Center, Tehran, Iran
Iradj Nowrouzian, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Seyed Mohamad Karbalaee Seyed Javad, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
This short communication describes the gross-pathologic and therapeutic implications of uncomplicated white line diseasein one large dairy herd with records of lameness events over a 7 months period in the vicinity of Tehran, Iran.White line lesions were confirmed on 232 of cows with the lameness score of 3 and 4. The prevalence rate of WL lesions in axial wall at zone 1, apex of toe at zone 1 and abaxial wall at zone 1, 2 and 3 were 53 cases (23.0 %), 44 cases (19.0 %) and 130 cases (58.0 %), respectively. Fourteen percent have been trimmed incorrectly and the sole becomes too thin during trimming. Full treatment results achieved in 87.0 % of cases in an average of 28 days.This study showed that laminitis- associated white line disease response well to appropriate therapy and proper trimming can play an important role for lameness prevention strategies in large dairy herds.
Keywords
Claw, Lameness, Pathology, White Line Disease, Treatment
To cite this article
Mohsen Nouri, Fateme Katouli, Fahime Zibaee, Iradj Nowrouzian, Seyed Mohamad Karbalaee Seyed Javad, Gross-Pathologic and Therapeutic Implications for Uncomplicated White Line Disease in Dairy Cows: A Case Series Study, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 5, 2013, pp. 32-35. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20130105.11
References
[1]
Collick DW, Weaver AD, Greenough PR.Interdigital space and claw, In: Greenough PR, Weaver AD, Eds. Lameness in Cattle. 3nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders 1997; 101-7.
[2]
Hernandez J, Shearer JK, Webb DW. Effect of lameness on the calving-to-conception interval in dairy cows. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;218(10): 1611-1614.
[3]
Amory JR, Barker ZE, Wright JL, et al. Associations between sole ulcer, white line disease and digital dermatitis and the milk yield of 1824 dairy cows on 30 dairy cow farms in England and Wales from February 2003–November 2004. Prev Vet Med 2008; 83(3-4): 381– 391.
[4]
Kujala M, Dohoo IR, Soveri T. White-line disease and haemorrhages in hooves of Finnish dairy cattle, Prev Vet Med 2010;94(1-2): 18–27.
[5]
Hashemi M, Nowrouzian I, Veshkini A. Treatment of white line disease in dairy cattle: Radiographic evaluation, In Proceeding: 4th Convention of Iranian Veterinary Clinicians, Urmia, Iran, 2005; 210 (in Farsi).
[6]
Garbarino EJ, Hernandez JA, Shearer JK, et al. Effect of lameness on ovarian activity in postpartum Holstein cows, J Dairy Sci 2004; 87(12):4123–4131.
[7]
Nouri M, Nowrouzian I, Marjanmehr SH, et al. Pathomorphologicalfindings of white line disease with digital and inner organ infections in culling dairy cows, Am J Anim Vet Sci 2013; 8(3):122-127.
[8]
Cramer G, Lissemore K, Kelton D, et al. The association between hoof lesion and culling risk in Ontario dairy cows. In Proceedings: American Association of Bovine Practitioner, USA, 2006; 39:242-243.
[9]
Nouri M, Nowrouzian I, Vajhi A, et al. Morphometric radiographicfindings of the digital region in culling lame cows, Asian J AnimSci 2011;5(4):256-267.
[10]
Meimandi-Parizi A, Eskandari A. Prevalence of lameness in dairy and beef cattle of Marvdasht area during the winter, Pajouhesh&Sazandegi 1996; 35:115-119 (in Farsi).
[11]
Mansouri-Nejad SE,AhmadpanahA, KatouliF, et al. A case series study of white line disease in dairy cows: complication and consequences, In Proceeding: 16th International Symposium on Lameness in Ruminants,Rotorua, New Zealand, 2011; 158.
[12]
Eddy RG, Scott CP. Some Observation on the incidence of lameness in dairy cattle in Somerset. Vet Rec 1980; 106(7): 140-144.
[13]
Hedges V, Blowey RW, Packington AJ, et al. A longitudinal field trial of the effect of biotin supplementation on lameness in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci 2001; 84(9):1969–1975.
[14]
Sogstad AM, Fjeldaas T, Osteras O, ForshellKP.Prevalence of claw lesions in Norwegian dairy cattle housed in tie stalls and free stalls. Prev. Vet. Med. 2005; 70 (3-4): 191–209.
[15]
Edwards GB, White line disease of the foot in cattle. Vet Annu 1980; 20:227-232.
[16]
Sprecher DE, Hostetler DE, Kaneene JB. A lameness scoring system that uses posture and gate to predict dairy cattle reproductive performance. Theriogen 1997; 47(6):1178-1187.
[17]
Greenough PR, Vermunt J. Evaluation of subclinical laminitis in a dairy herd and observations on associated nutritional and man¬agement factors. Vet Rec1991;128 (1):11-17.
[18]
Van Meter DC, Wenz JR, Garry BF. Lameness in cattle: Rules of thumb. In Proceedings: American Association of Bovine Practitioner, 2005; 38: 40-43.
[19]
Trent AM. Treatment of bone and joint infections, In Proceedings: 8th International Symposium on lameness in Ruminants, Banff, Canada, 1994; 72-79.
[20]
Ferguson JG. Surgery of the distal limb. In: Greenough PR, Weaver AD, Eds. Lameness in cattle. 3nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders 1997; 248-261.
[21]
Starke A, Heppelmann M, Beyerbach M, Rehage J. Septic arthritis of the DIJ in cattle: comparison of joint resection by solar approach and digital amputation. Vet Surg 2007; 36(4): 350–359.
[22]
Heppelmann M, Kofler J, Meyer H, et al. Advances in surgical treatment of septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint in cattle: A review, Vet J 2009; 182(2): 162–175.
[23]
Greenough PR.Bovine laminitis and lameness, A Hands-On Approach. Elsevier Ltd., Philadelphia PA:Saunders 2007; 225.
[24]
Blowy R. Diseases of the bovine digit, Part 1: Description of common lesions, In Pract 1992; 14(2): 85-90.
[25]
Cook N and Burgi K. ‘Hairy attack’: a new lesion affecting the corium of the white line – a case report. In Proceeding: 15th International Symposium on Lameness in Ruminant. Finland, 2008; 214.
[26]
Holzhauer M,Vos J. Non-Healing white line disorders, a new clinical presentation. In Proceeding: 15th International symposium on Lameness in Ruminants, Finland, 2008; 206.
[27]
Nouri M and AshrafiHelan J, Clinical and gross pathologic findings of complicated vertical fissures with digital dermatitis in a dairy herd, Vet Res Forum 2012; 3(4): 291-295.
[28]
Enevoldsen C, Grohn Y,Thysen T. Heel erosion and other interdigital disorders in dairy cows: Associations with season, cow characteristics, disease, and production. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74(4):1299-1309.
[29]
Hinterhofer C, Ferguson, JC, Apprich V, et al. Slatted floors and solid floors: stress and strain on the bovine hoof capsule analyzed in finite element analysis. J Dairy Sci 2006; 89(1): 155–162.
[30]
Kujala M, Dohoo IR, Laakso M, et al. Sole ulcers in Finnish dairy cattle. Prev Vet Med 2009; 89(3-4): 227–236.
[31]
Somers JG, Frankena K, Noordhuizen-Stassen EN, Metz JH. Prevalence of claw disorders in Dutch dairy cows exposed to several floor systems. J Dairy Sci. 2003; 86(6): 2082–2093.
[32]
Pötzsch CJ, Collis VJ, Blowey RW, Packington AJ, and Green LE. The impact of parity and duration of biotin supplementation on white line disease lameness in dairy cattle, J Dairy Sci 2003; 86(8):2577–2582.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186