An Ethnobotanical Study of Plants in the Adjoining Area of Kafta Sheraro National Park Ethnic Groups, Ethiopia
A field trip was carried out in Kafta Humera wereda Adigoshu Tabia (administrative unit below wereda), adjacent to Kafta-Sheraro National Park, to assess the presence of plant and their derivative use of different use values practiced by the local community. The study employed ethnobotanical methods including structured and semi-structured interviews, field observations, preference ranking, relative frequency and fidelity level. A total of 50 informants from both ethnic groups (Habesha and kunama) Tabia were selected purposively and 28 key informants also selected with the help of local administrators, recommendations from elders, and members of the local community. A total of 36 plants with their ethnobotanical use were collected and identified. These species represent 34 genera and 27 families. About 29 of the medicinal plants were used to treat for human disease only, 2 medicinal plant only for animal and 5 medicinal plants for both animal and human diseases. The main source of those plant species was obtained from wild (83%) while 17% of the species were cultivated. Of the total 36 medicinal plants collected from the study area, the habit of a plant where about 69% trees followed by shrubs (22%), climbers (6%) and herbs (3%) in their decreasing order. The most commonly used plant parts were leaves and followed by root and fruit part in equal ranks. There was no uniform measurement used by the local healers in the study area. Female were more involved in selling the edible and medicinal plants than males.
An Ethnobotanical Study of Plants in the Adjoining Area of Kafta Sheraro National Park Ethnic Groups, Ethiopia, Plant.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2019, pp. 76-87.
Martin, G. J. (1995). Ethnobotany: A method Manual. Chapman and Hall, London. Pp. 265-270.
IBC (2005). Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Conservation National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Institution of Biodiversity Conservation, Addis Ababa.
Asfaw Z and Tadese M. (2001). Prospects for the sustainable use and development of wild food plants in Ethiopia. Economic Botany 55: 47-62.
Grivetti, L. E. and Ogle, B. M. (2000). Value of traditional foods in meeting macro and micro-nutrient needs: the wild plant connection. Nutr. Res. Rev. 13: 31–46.
Mazhar, F.; Buckles, D.; Satheesh, P. V. and Akhter, F. (2007). Food Sovereignty and Uncultivated Biodiversity in South Asia. Academic Foundation, New Delhi.
Addis G, Urga K, and Dikasso D. (2005). Ethnobotanical study of edible wild plants in some selected Districts of Ethiopia. Human Ecology. 33: 1.
Guinand, Y. and Dechassa Lemessa (2000). Wild-food Plants in Southern Ethiopia: Reflections on the Role of Famine-foods at a Time of Drought. UN-Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
Zenebe Arafaine (2018). Wildlife of Kafta sheraro national park. Unpublished.
Addis herald 2018. Kafta Sheraro National park. https://www.addisherald.com/kafta-sheraro-national-park-ethiopia/.
Cotton, C. M. (1996). Ethnobotany: Principles and Applications. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 412 pp.
Alexiades, M. (1996). Collecting ethnobotanical data. In: Alexiades, M. N and Sheldon, J. W. (eds), Selected Guideline for Ethnobotanical Research: A field manual. The New York Botanical garden, Bronex, New York, USA. Pp. 40-102.
Vitalini S, Iriti M, Puricelli C, Ciuchi D, Segale A, Fico G. Traditional knowledge on medicinal and food plants used in Val san Giacomo (Sondrio, Italy)- an alpine ethnobotanical study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 145: 517–29.
Mootsamy A, Mahomoodly MF. A quantitative ethnozoological assessment of traditionally used animal based therapies in the tropical island of Mauritius. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014; 154 (3): 847–57.
Friedmen J, Yaniv Z, Dafni A, Palewitch D. A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmocological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev desert. Israel J Ethnopharmacol. 1986; 16: 275–87.
SPSS. (2008). SPSS 20.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois.
Araya S, Abera B and Giday M. Study of plants traditionally used in public and animal health management in Seharti Samre District, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2015) 11:22 DOI 10.1186/s13002-015-0015-5.
Shiferaw JB, Kewessa KG, Bedassa TM (2018) Use and Management of Medicinal Trees and Shrubs and Associated IndigenousKnowledge of Warra Dube People, Bale Zone, South-Eastern Ethiopia. J Biodivers Endanger Species 6: 219. doi: 10.4172/2332-2543.1000219.
Amsalu N, Bezie Y, Fentahun M, Alemayehu A and Amsalu G. (2018) Use and Conservation of Medicinal Plants by Indigenous People of Gozamin Wereda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2973513.
Habib H, Murad W, Tariq A and Ashfaq A. Ethnoveterinary study of medicinal plants in Malakand Valley, District Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Irish Veterinary Journal 2014, 67: 6 http://www.irishvetjournal.org/content/67/1/6.
Oladele A, Alade G, Omobuwajo O. Medicinal plants conservation and cultivation by traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Aiyedaade local government area of Osun State, Nigeria. Agric Biol J N Am. 2011; 2: 476–87.
Alemayehu G, Asfaw Z and Kelbessa E, Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local communities of Minjar-Shenkora District, North Shewa Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. J. Med. Plant Stud. 3 (6): 01-11, 2015.
Mesfin K, Tekle G and Tesfay T. Assessment of threatening factors of medicinal plant species in Samre district, south-eastern Tigray, northern Ethiopia. J. Med. Plant Stud. 1 (4): 38-42, 2013.
Teklay A. Traditional medicinal plants for ethnoveterinary medicine used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia. Adv. Med. Plant. Res. 3 (4), 137-150, 2013.
Limenih Y, Umer S and Wolde-Mariam M. Ethnobotanical study on traditional medicinal plants in Dega Damot Woreda, Amhara region, North Ethiopia. Int. J. Res. Phar. Chem. 5 (2), 258-273, 2015.
Yirga G, Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in and Around Alamata, Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 2 (5): 338-344, 2010.
Tolossa K, Debela E, Athanasiadou S, Tolera A, Ganga G and G. J, Houdijk, Ethno-medicinal study of plants used for treatment of human and livestock ailments by traditional healers in South Omo, Southern Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 9: 1-5, 2013.
Abebe D, Ayehu A. Medicinal plant and enigmatic health practices of north Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Berhanina Selam Printing Enterprise; 1993.
Giday M, Ameni G. An ethnobotanical survey on plants of veterinary importance in two woredas of Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop J Sci. 2003; 26: 123–36.
Bekele A, Musa A. Ethnoveterinary practice in Chiro District, western Hararge, Ethiopia. Pharmacologyonline. 2009; 1: 128–39.
Balemie K, Kelbessa E, Asfaw Z. Indigenous medicinal plant utilization, management and threats in Fentalle area, Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian J Biol Sci. 2004; 3: 37–58.
Abebe D, Hagos E. Plants as a primary source of drugs in the traditional health practices of Ethiopia. In: Engles JMM, Hawkes JG, Worede M, editors. Plant genetic resources of Ethiopia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1991. p. 101–13.
Giday M, Asfaw Z, Emqvist T, Woldu Z. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003; 85: 43–52.
Megersa M, Tolossa T, and Kumela K. The Use of Medicinal Plants for the Treatment of Toothache in Ethiopia Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, volume 2019 Article ID 2645174, 16 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2645174.
Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-Awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007; 110: 516–25.
Mesfin F, Demissew S.& Teklehaymanot T. 2009. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5: 28.
Teshome W. Impacts of urbanization on the traditional medicine of Ethiopia. Anthropol. 2005; 8: 43–52.
Getaneh S, Girma Z. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Debre Libanos Wereda, Central Ethiopia. Afr J Plant Sci. 2014; 8: 366–79.
Hailemariam, T., S. Demissew & Z. Asfaw. 2009. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5: 26.
Ragunathan, M. & M. Solomon. 2009. Ethnomedicinal survey of folk drugs used in Bahirdar Zuria district, north western Ethiopia. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 8 (2): 281-284.
Teklehaymanot T. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and edible plants of Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2017) 13: 40 DOI 10.1186/s13002-017-0166-7.
Yirga G. Use of traditional medicinal plants by indigenous people in Mekelle town, capital city of Tigray regional state of Ethiopia. J Med Plants Res. 2010; 4: 1799–804.
Hunde, D., Z. Asfaw & E. Kelbessa. 2006. Use of traditional medicinal plants by people of ‘Boosat’ sub district, Central Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Science 16 (2): 141-155.
Abdurhman N. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in Ofla Wereda, Southern Zone of Tigray Region Ethiopia. Addis Ababa University: MSc thesis; 2010.
Woldeab B, Regassa R, AlemuT, and Megersa M. “Medicinal plants used for treatmentof diarrhoeal related diseases in Ethiopia,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2018, Article ID 4630371, 20 pages, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4630371.
Birhane E, Aynekulu E, Mekuria W, Endale D. Management, use and ecology of medicinal plants in the degraded dry lands of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. J Med Plants Res. 2011; 5: 309–18.
Assefa A and Abebe T. Ethnobotanical Study of Wild Medicinal Trees and Shrubs in Benna Tsemay District, Southern Ethiopia. J. Sci. Dev. 2 (1). 17-33, 2014.
Yirga G and Zeraburk S. Ethnobotanical Study of Traditional Medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 1st International Technology, Education and Environment Conference. 61-67. African Society for Scientific Research (ASSR), 2011.
Yirga G. Assessment of traditional medicinal plants in Enderta District, South-eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Afr. J. Plant Sci. 4 (7): 255-260, 2010.
Gedif T and Hahn H. Herbalists in Addis Ababa and Butajira, Central Ethiopia: Mode of service delivery and traditional pharmaceutical practice. Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 16 (2): 191-197, 2002.
Asmare TW, Yilkal BA, Mekuannint T, Yibeltal AT (2018) Traditional Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Maternal and Child Health Illnesses in Ethiopia: An Ethno-Botanical Approach. J Tradit Med Clin Natur 7: 277. doi: 10.4172/2573-4555.1000277.