Please enter verification code
Identification of Stability and Adaptability of Small Red Bean Cultivars Using AMMI Analysis
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 99-103
Received: Oct. 24, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 3, 2017; Published: Dec. 7, 2017
Views 2150      Downloads 121
Tadele Tadesse, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Amanuel Tekalign, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Behailu Mulugeta, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Gashaw Sefera, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Genotype x location interaction effects are of special interest for breeding programs to identify adaptation targets, adaptive traits and test sites. In order to identify stability and adaptability of small red bean cultivars sixteen genotypes were evaluated at the mid altitude of bale zone southeastern Ethiopia during main season 2015 and 2016. The cultivars were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications at each site of Goro, Ginir and Dellomena. The combined analysis of variance for mean grain yield revealed significant variation for genotypes, environment and GE interaction. The analysis of variance for the AMMI (Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction) revealed that significant variation for genotypes, environment and GE interaction. From this analysis 42.53% was explained by AMMI 1 followed by AMMI 2 (28.29%), AMMI 3 (19.76%) and AMMI 4 (7.10%) of the interaction sum of squares. Therefore, the first two AMMI components justified 70.82% of the GE interaction sum of squares. The stability parameters regression coefficient (bi), deviation from regression analysis and ASV identifies G7, G6, G11, G1 and G12 showed the least value for ASV indicating as these genotypes showed stable performance over the sites. However stable cultivar wouldn’t necessarily gave the highest seed yield. Therefore based on Genotype Selection Index (GSI) which considers both the ASV and the mean yield, G8, G3, G6 and G7 were the most stable genotypes identified over the tested environments. Therefore, out of the tested genotypes, G8 and G3 were identified as stable cultivar to be selected for possible release during the coming cropping seasons.
Stability, Adaptability, AMMI, ASV, GSI
To cite this article
Tadele Tadesse, Amanuel Tekalign, Behailu Mulugeta, Gashaw Sefera, Identification of Stability and Adaptability of Small Red Bean Cultivars Using AMMI Analysis, Plant. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 99-103. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20170506.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Annicchiarico P. 1997. Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) analysis of genotype x location interaction in variety trials repeated over years. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94: 1072-1077.
Asfaw, A., T. Assefa, B. Amsalu, K. Negash, F. Alemayehu, and F. Grum, 2008. Adaptation and Yield Stability of small Red Bean Elite Lines in Ethiopia. International J. of Plant Breed. and Genet., 2(2): 51-63.
Bramel-Cox PJ,. 1996. Breeding for reliability of performance across unpredictable environments. In: Genotyp by environment interaction, Kang MS, and Gauch HG (Eds.) CRC Oress, Boca Raton, FL., 309-339.
Broughton W. J., G. Hernadez, W. W. Blair, S. E. Beebe, P. Gepts. J. Vanderleyden, (2003). Beans Phaseolus Spp.)Model food legumes, Plant Soil 252 (55-128).
Central Statistical Agency (CSA), 2014. Agricultural sample survey. Report on area and production of crop (private peasant holdings, meher season). vol. 1, CSA, Addis Ababa.
Cooper M, Stucker RE, Delacy IH and Harch BD. 1997. Wheat breeding nurseries, target environments and indirect selection for grain yield. Crop Sci., 37: 1168-1176.
Crossa J. 1990. Statistical analysis of multi-location trials. Advance in Agronomy, 44: 55-85.
Crossa J, Fox PN, Pfeiffer WH, Rajaram S and Gauch HG. 1991 AMMI adjustment for statistical analysis of an interactional wheat yield trial. Theor. App Gent, 81: 27-37
Eberhart SA, Russel WA (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci. 6: 36-40.
Ethiopian Mapping Authority (EMA), National Atlas of Ethiopia, Ethiopian Mapping Authority, Addis Ababa, (1988).
Finlay KW, Wilkinson GN (1963). The analysis of adaptation in plant breeding program. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 14: 742-754.
Gauch HG. 1992. Statistical anlyis of regional yield trials. AMMI analysis of factorial designs. 1st edn, Elsevier, New York, ISBN: 0-444-89240-0.
Gauch HG and Zobel RW. 1996. AMMI analysis of yield trials. In: Kang MS, Gauch HG (eds) Genotype by environment interaction. CRC press Boca Raton FL.
Huehn M (1990). Nonparametric measures of phenotypic stability. Part 1: theory. Euphytica 47: 189-194.
Kang MS. 1997. Using genotype by environment interaction for crop genotype development. Adv. Agron., 62: 199-252.
Kaya Y, Palta C and Taner S. 2002. Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions analysis of yield performance in bread wheat genotypes across environments. Turk J. Agric. For. 26: 275-279.
Lin CS and Binns MR. 1994. Concepts and methods for analyzing regional trial data for cultivar and location selection. Plan breed Rev, 12: 271-297.
Mekbib, F., 2003. Yield stability in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes. Euph. 130: 147-153.
Noorul S, Mushaq A, Rakash V, Asifa B and Zahoor A. 2015. Stability analysis in Wheat: An application of additive mani effects and multiplicative interaction. AJAR 10(4): 295-300.
Peters, A. (1993). China. Michigan Dry Bean Digest, 17(4): 18-20.
Purchase JL, Hatting H and Vandenventer CS. 2000. Genotype x environment interaction of winter wheat in south Africa: II. Stability analysis of yield performance. South Afr J Plant Soil, 17: 101-107.
Reza M, Mohammad A, Akbar S, and Amri D. 2007. Identification of Stability and Adaptability in Advance Durum genotypes using AMMI analysis. Asian J. pl. Sci6(8): 1261-1268.
Shukla GK (1972). Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype environmental components of variability. Heredity. 29: 237-245.
Tamene T. T, S. G. Tadese. 2014. Sites Regression GGE Biplot Analysis of Haricot Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes in three Contrasting Environments. World Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 2(5), 228-236.
Tarakanovas P and Rusgas V. 2006. Additive main effect and multiplicative interaction analysis of grain yield of wheat varieties in Lithuania. Agron Res, 4: 91-98.
Troyer AF. 1996. Breeding for widely adapted popular maize hybrids. Euphytica, 92: 163-174.
Wortmann, C. S. and Allen, D. J. (1994). African bean production environments; their definition, characteristics, and constraints. Network on Bean Research in Africa, Occasional Publication Series no. 11. pp. 47. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Yan W and Hunt LA. 2001. Interpretation of genotype x environment interaction for winter wheat yield in Ontario. Crop Sci 41: 19-25.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186