Identification of Fungal Species Associated with Contaminants and Pathogenicity on Tamarindus Indica Fruits from Maiduguri Monday Market, Borno State Nigeria
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 36-41
Received: Jan. 18, 2017;
Accepted: Feb. 4, 2017;
Published: Mar. 1, 2017
Views 1734 Downloads 100
Wante Solomon Peter, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe, Nigeria
Oamen Henry Patrick, Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Follow on us
A study of Tamarindus indica fruits rot was carried out in Maiduguri Monday Market located in The North- Eastern Nigeria. Tamarind indica fruits are showing sign of spoilage and fresh one were collected to ascertain the presence of contaminant and pathogenicity test was carry out to confirm further the fungal pathogen associated with fruits rot. We assessed the effects of temperature on the growth of colony diameter of the isolate. In vitro radial growth of each species of the fungal isolates (Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Ulocladium chartarum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium citrinum) was measured at 37°C, 42°C, 47°C, 52°C, and 57°C for three weeks. Optimal growth for all the five-species occurred at 37°C, with slower growth at 47°C and 52°C. At 57°C, values of colony diameter reduced significantly for all the fungal isolates observed, however, there was a close relationship in values of colony diameter obtained for all the fungal species at 57°C. After three weeks, fungal colonies were digitally photomicrographed and colony opacity was assessed.
Tamarindus Indica, Sterilized and Unsterilized, Colony and Fungi
To cite this article
Wante Solomon Peter,
Oamen Henry Patrick,
Identification of Fungal Species Associated with Contaminants and Pathogenicity on Tamarindus Indica Fruits from Maiduguri Monday Market, Borno State Nigeria, Plant.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2017, pp. 36-41.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Akinmusire, O. O (2011). Fungal Species Associated with the Spoilage of Some Edible Fruits in Maiduguri Northern Eastern Nigeria. Advances in Environmental Biology, 5: 157-161.
Effiuvwevwere, B. J. O (2000). Microbial Spoilage Agents of Tropical and Assorted fruits and Vegetables (An Illustrated References Book). Paragraphics publishing company, Port Harcourt. pp. 1-39.
El-Siddig, K; Gunasena, H. P. M; Prasad, B. A; Pushpakumara, D. K. N. G; Ramana, K. V. R; Vijayanand, P and Williams, J. T. (2006). Fruits for the future: Tamarindus indica. Southampton Centre for Underutilised Crops, Southampton, UK.
Gunasena, H. P. M (2006). Tamarind extension Manual, International Centre for Underutilised Crops, Southampton, UK.
Gunasena, H. P. M and Hughes, A (2000). Tamarind, Tamarindus indica L., International Centre for Underutilized Crops, Southampton, UK.
Lock, J. M and Maxted, N (2005). Tribe Fabeae. In: Lewis, G; Schrire, B; Mackinder, B and Lock, M. (eds). Legumes of the world, Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 505-509.
Lokesha, S and Shetty, H. S. (1991) A Pestalotia species causing stony fruit disease in tamarind. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 9: 179-181.
Patel, I., Patel, V., Thakkar, A., Kothari, V. (2013). Tamarindus indica (Cesalpiniaceae), and Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) Seed Extracts Can Kill Multidrug Resistant Streptococcus mutans in Biofilm. Journal of Natural Remedies 13 (2): 81-94.
Escalona-Arranz et al. (2010). Antimicrobial activity of extracts from Tamarindus indica L. leaves. Pharmacogn Mag. 6 (23): 242–247.
Samson, R. A; Reenen-Hoestra, E. S. van; Koninklijke Nederlandse, A. van. W and Centraalbureau Voor, S (1988). Introduction to food-borne fungi, Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Netherland.
Wilson, L. G; Boyette, M. D and Estes, E. A (1995). Postharvest Handling and Cooling of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers for Small Farms, Part I: Quality Maintenance. N. C. Cooperation. Extension Service Horticulture Information.