Assessment of Diversity and Traditional Uses of Bryophytes Along Some Hill Roads in a Biodiversity Hot Spot Region of India-A Case Study of Mizoram
International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 73-82
Received: May 19, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 24, 2019;
Published: Jul. 10, 2019
Views 469 Downloads 91
Samar Kumar Banerjee, Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, India
Anjani Kumar Srivastava, Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, India
In India, the bryophytes are represented by 2562 taxa (1636 mosses, 887 liverworts and 39 hornworts). They usually inhabit narrow ecological niches with preference for damp and shady conditions. In Himalayas the bryophytes are rich in diversity and well represented due to prevailing of high rainfall and humidity. Eastern Himalayas are richest in bryophyte flora. Bryophytes are of great ecological importance, they are Pioneer of the land plants and the first plants to grow and colonize the barren rocks and lands. In India, the bryophytes are represented by 2562 taxa (1636 mosses, 887 liverworts and 39 hornworts). Along the Mizoram roads 76 species of bryophytes distributed over 29 families have been identified and recorded by the authors. These bryophytes provide vital ecosystem services like soil formation, habitat modification and nutrient cycling and are useful in pollution detection and monitoring. The flavonoids and terpenoids contained in majority of them show various biological activities with considerable potential of chemical and pharmaceutical properties. Road side village people in Mizoram generally use these bryophytes as medicines, vegetable and for prevention of soil erosion. It has been assessed that during road development these flora will be impacted and that will have impact on community settled along the road. Effort has been made in this paper to assess the diversity of bryophytes along the road corridors so that proper planning can be done during road development to save this natural resource.
Samar Kumar Banerjee,
Anjani Kumar Srivastava,
Assessment of Diversity and Traditional Uses of Bryophytes Along Some Hill Roads in a Biodiversity Hot Spot Region of India-A Case Study of Mizoram, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2019, pp. 73-82.
Renzaglia, Karen & Schuette, Scott & Duff, Robert & Ligrone, Roberto & Shaw, Arthur & D. Mishler, Brent & Duckett, Jeffrey. (2009). Bryophyte phylogeny: Advancing the molecular and morphological frontiers. The Bryologist. 110. 179-213.
Rubinstein CV, Gerrienne P, Puente G. S. de la, . Astini R. A, Steemans P. (2010). Early Middle Ordovician evidence for land plants in Argentina (eastern Gondwana). New Phytologist (2010) 188: 365–369.
Srivastava, S. C 1998. Distribution of Hepaticae and Anthocerotae in India. In: R. N. Chopra (ed.) Topics in Bryology. Allied Publishers Limited, New Delhi.
Bryophytes in India - list of families and genera of bryophytes in India. ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity, Botanical Survey of India in 2016.
Chopra R N and Vashistha B D (1994). Bryophyte Morphogenetic Study, In: Botany of India (History and Progress), I edited by Johri BM (Oxford IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi) 437-453.
Gerson U. (1982), Bryophytes and Invertebrates. In: Smith A. J. E. (eds) Bryophyte Ecology. Springer, Dordrecht.
Chakrabortty, S. and Paratkar, G. T. (2006). Biomonitoring of Trace Element Air Pollution Using Mosses, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 247-258, 2006.
H. DeLucia, Evan & Turnbull, Matthew & S. Walcroft, Adrian & Griffin, Kevin & Tissue, David & Glenny, David & M. McSeveny, Tony & Whitehead, David. (2003). The contribution of bryophytes to the carbon exchange for a temperate rainforest, Global Change Biology 9 (8): 1158-1170.
Konrat, Matt & Shaw, Arthur & Renzaglia, Karen. (2014). A special issue of Phytotaxa dedicated to Bryophytes: The closest living relatives of early land plants. Phytotaxa. 9: 5 -10.
H. Brown, Dennis & W. Bates, Jeffrey. (2008). Bryophytes and nutrient cycling. Botanical Journal of the Linnean society. 104. 129-147.
Song L, Zhang YJ, Chen X, Li S, Lu HZ, Wu CS, Tan ZH, Liu WY, Shi XM.(2015) Water relations and gas exchange of fan bryophytes and their adaptations to microhabitats in an Asian subtropical montane cloud forest. J Plant Res. 2015 Jul; 128 (4): 573-84.
Dennis Gignac, L. (2009). Bryophytes as Indicators of Climate Change. The Bryologist. 104. 410-420.
Christopher Ellis (2015), Implication of climate change for UK bryophytes and lichens, Biodiversity Climate change impacts reports card technical paper, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Vohra, J. N. And M. N. Aziz. 1997. Mosses. In: Mudgal, V. & R. K. Hajra (Ed.), Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India 1: 301-374. BSI, Kolkata.
Singh AP., Nath V. Hepaticae of Khasi and Jaintia Hills: Esatern Himalayas. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India, (2007).
Lalhriatpuia and Ramachandra Laha (2015), Bryophyte Diversity In Mamit District, Mizoram, Northeast India, Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct; 6 (4): (B) 1204-1209.
Jayanta Barukial (2011) A study of moss diversity in Assam Valley wet evergreen forests. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231-6345 (Online) Vol. 1 (4): 1-8.
Sudhanshu Kumar Jain, R. Raghavendra Rao, A Handbook of Field and Herbarium Methods, Today & Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, 1977.
Gangulee, H. C. 1969-1980. Mosses of Eastern India and adjacent regions. Fasc. 1-8. 1-2142. Calcutta.
Bir, S. S. & Chopra, R. N. (1972): Thallose Liverworts From Dalhousie, North Western Himalayas. The Bryologist 75: 371-372.
Bansal P and Nath V, Bryum Bessonii Ren. & Card. New To Eastern Himalaya In New National and Regional Bryophyte Records 32. J. Bryol. 34: 231–246 (2012b).
Bapna, K. R. & Kachroo, P. (2000): Hepaticology In India Ii. Himanshu Publication, Delhi.
Srivastava, A. & Srivastava, S. C. (2002): Indian Geocalycaceae (Hepaticae) - a taxonomic study. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.
Singh, A. P., Nath, V. and Asthana, A. K. 2002. Studies on Iieteroscyphus perfoliatus (Mont.) Schiffii. from Meghalaya (India). J. Indian Bot. Soc. 81: 305-307.
Plant Discoveries 2016-New Genera, Species and New Records’ compiled and edited by Paramjit Singh and S. S. Dash, published by Botanical Survey of India in 2017.