Please enter verification code
Characterization of the Oleaginous Potential of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso: Study of Accessions Resistance to Fungal Pathogens, Seed Traits and Molecular Diversity
International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 129-138
Received: Sep. 4, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020; Published: Oct. 12, 2020
Views 206      Downloads 31
Sama Hemayoro, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Sombié Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby, Crop Production Department, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, National Center of Scientific Research and Technology, Burkina Faso
Adéoti Kifouli, Microbiology and Food Technology Laboratory, University of Abomey Calavi, Benin
Bonzi Schemaeza, Rural Development Institute (IDR), University Nazi Boni (UNB), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Hilou Adama, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Article Tools
Follow on us
The development of the Jatropha sector is limited by the lack of adequate plant genetic resources and data on local genotypes. However, knowledge of the characteristics of local accessions can help to identify suitable genotypes and/or identify varietal improvement paths for sustainable biofuel production. In order to characterize the local genotypes of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso, seeds of a collection from 40 plantations of the different climatic zones of the country were used to assess the accessions resistance to fungal pathogens, seeds oil and germination and molecular diversity. The results revealed a high variability in accessions resistance to fungal pathogens, seeds oil content and germination depending on the accessions. These variations of seeds oil content, seeds germination capacity and accessions resistance to fungal pathogens could been explained by genetic factors. This hypothesis is confirmed by genetic parameters which showed a strong heritability of the studied characters. Indeed, outside the diameter of the necrosis, the study exhibited high phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation and high heritability in broad sense. The study also revealed positive correlations between resistance parameters and seed oil content on the one hand and between these parameters and germination capacity on the other hand. There are good opportunities to improve accessions resistance to pathogens, seeds oil content and germination capacity. However, the evaluation of molecular diversity based on 20 microsatellites markers showed low genetic diversity. The high phenotypic variability observed in seed traits and resistance of accessions contrasts with a low level of genetic diversity of accessions. This study constitutes an important contribution to the characterization of local genotypes in order to identify the best genotypes for improvement of seeds traits and accessions resistance to fungi in a breeding program.
Jatropha, Oil Content, Genetic Diversity, Resistance, Pathogens
To cite this article
Sama Hemayoro, Sombié Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby, Adéoti Kifouli, Bonzi Schemaeza, Hilou Adama, Characterization of the Oleaginous Potential of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso: Study of Accessions Resistance to Fungal Pathogens, Seed Traits and Molecular Diversity, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 129-138. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200503.17
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ayizannon, R. G., Ahoton, L. E., Ezin, V., Quenum, F. A. and Mergeai G. (2017). Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana, Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 5: 54-62.
Kumar, S. and Sanjay, S. (2008). Variability assessment of seed traits in Jatropha curcas L. for improvement of oil yield, International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology, (2013).
Kumar, A. and Sharma, S. (2007). An evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses (Jatropha curcas L.): A review, industrial crops and products, 1-10.
Narayana, A. D. S., RAangaswamy, K. T., Shankarapa, K. S., Maruthi, M. N., Reddy, L. C. N., Rekha, A. R., Murthy and K. V. K. (2007). Distinct begomovirus closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha Mosaic Disease, International Journal of virology 3: 1-11.
Ouattara, B., Ndir, K. N., Gueye, M. C., Diedhiou, I., Barnaud, A., Fonceka, D., Cisse, N., Akpo, E. L. and Diouf, D. (2014). Genetic diversity of Jatropha curcas L. in Senegal compared with exotic accessions based on microsatellite markers, Genet Resour Crop Evol, 6.
[Heller, J. (1996). Physic nut, Jatropha curcas L., International Plant Genetic Resources. Institute (IPGRI), Rome 1996).
Openshaw, K. (2000). A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfullled promise, Biomass & Bioenergy, 19 1-15.
Divakara, B. N., Upadhyaya, H. D., Wani, S. P. and Gowda, C. L. L. (2009). Biology and genetic improvement of Jatropha curcas L.: A review, Applied Energy.
Lama, A. D., Klemola, T., Saloniemi, I., Niemelä, P. and Vuorisalo, T. (2017). Factors affecting genetic and seed yield variability of Jatropha curcas (L.) across the globe: A review, Energy for Sustainable Development, 42 170-182.
Sama, H., Ouattara, B., Hilou, A., Derra, A.-N., Yelemou, B. and Hien, V. (2018b). Variability of morpho-metric traits and oleaginous biofuel potential of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) seeds in Burkina Faso, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 13: 2911-2918.
Tiendrebeogo, F. K., Sawadogo, N., Nanema, R. K., Traore, E. R., Bationo-Kando, P., ZONGO, J-D. and Sawadogo, M. (2016a). Evaluation de la diversite genetique du pourghere (Jatropha curcas l.) au Burkina Faso, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 16: 155-165.
Tiendrebeogo, F. K., Sawadogo, N., NANEMA, R. K.., Bationo-Kando, P, Ouedraogo, M. H. A., and Sawadogo, M. (2016). Evaluation of morpho-metric characteristics of fruits and oil content of seeds of Jatropha curcas L. in Burkina Faso international Journal of Plant, animal and Environnement Sciences, 6: 145-155.
Draz, I. S., Abou-Elseoud, M. S., Alaa-Eldein, O. A.-E., El-Bebany and A. F. (2015). Screening of wheat genotypes for leaf rust resistance along with grain yield, Annals of Agricultural Science, 2015.
Sama, H., Sombié, P. A. E. D., Hilou, A., Bonzi, S. and Somda, I. (2018a). Biochemical Resistance Mechanism Study of Jatropha Curcas (Euphorbiaceae) Against Lasiodiplodia Theobramae, a Leaf Blight and Necrosis Agent, Journal of Agriculture and Crops, 4: 176-185.
Sama, H., Hilou, A., Bonzi, S. and Somda, I. (2019). Major Leaf Diseases and Pathogenicity of Fungal Flora Associated with Jatropha curcas L. Foliar Diseases in Burkina Faso, Asian Plant Research Journal, 1-10.
Setti, B., Bencheikh, M. and Henni, J. E. (2015). Survival analysis for estimating risk factors in incubation period of Didymella pinodes on pea (Pisum sativum L.), African Journal of Microbiology Research, 9: 604-610.
Hernández-Cubero, L. C., Ampofo, P., Montes, J. M. and Voegele, R. T. (2017). Identification of pathogenic fungi and preliminary screening for resistance in Jatropha curcas L. germplasm, European Journal of Plant Pathology, 149: 325-336.
Basha, S. D. and Sujatha, M. (2010). Inter and intra-population variability of Jatropha curcas (L.) characterized by RAPD and ISSR markers and development of population-specific SCAR markers, Euphytica 2007 375–386.
Efendi, R., Sunarti, S., Musa, Y., Bdr, M. F., Rahim, M. D. and Azrai, M. (2015). Selection of Homozygosity and Genetic Diversity of Maize Inbred using Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) Marker, International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology, 23: 19-28.
Zongo, A., Nana, A. T., Sawadogo, M., Konate, A. K., Sankara, P., Ntare, B. R. A. and Haile, D. (2017). Variability and Correlations among Groundnut Populations for Early Leaf Spot, Pod Yield, and Agronomic Traits, Agronomy, 7: 1-11.
Kaushik, N., Deswal, R. P. S., Malik, S. A. and Kumar, K. (2015). Genetic variation and heritability estimation in Jatropha curcas L. progenies for seed yield and vegetative traits, Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7: 567-573.
Wen, Y., Tang, M., Sun, D., Zhu, H., Wei, J., Chen, F. and Tang, L. (2012). Influence of Climatic Factors and Soil Types on Seed Weight and Oil Content of Jatropha Curcas in Guangxi, China, Procedia Environmental Sciences 12: 439-444.
Maes, W., Achten, W.., Raes, D, Samson, R. and Muys, B. (2009). Plant-water relationships and growth strategies of Jatropha curcas L. seedlings under different levels of drought stress., Journal of Arid Environments 73: 877-884.
Abdul, S. D. (2011). Expression of the Wheat Leaf Rust Resistance Gene Lr34 alone and in combination with other Leaf Rust Genes against UK isolates of Puccinia triticina, Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 5: 413-423.
Ndir, K. N., Kane, M., Ouattara, B., Bayala, R. A and Diedhiou, I. (2013). Variability in seed traits, oil content and genetic diversity in local and exotic accessions of Jatropha curcas L. in Senegal, African Journal of Biotechnology, 12: 5267-5277.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186