Conservation of Botanicals Used for Carving by the Ijaw Ethnic Group of Bayelsa State Nigeria
International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2016, Pages: 58-62
Received: Jul. 11, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 20, 2016; Published: Jul. 29, 2016
Views 2886      Downloads 62
Kayode J., Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Ihinmikaiye S. O., Department of Biological Science, Federal University, Otueke, Nigeria
Arowosegbe S., Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Oyedeji A. A., Department of Biological Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
A survey of wood used for carving in Bayelsa State, Nigeria was carried out using a rapid appraisal method. The state was divided into three zones and in each zone; three prominent wood carvers were identified and interviewed with the aid of semi-structured questionnaire guide. Also, five communities were randomly selected from each of the eight local government areas of the state. In each community, ten respondents that have maintained continuous domicile for a minimum of ten years in the community were selected and interviewed with respect to their indigenous knowledge on woodcarving. Group interviewed were equally conducted. A total of 39 botanicals belonging to 23 different families were being used to carve 12 different items. Botanicals commonly used for such craft were identified and were mostly timber species. They ranged from hard to soft wood and the species used depended on the item to be carved. The methods use for harvesting the wood was annihilative. Increasing decline in the availability of the species was reported hence strategies that would enhance the continuous supply of the species were proposed.
Carving, Botanicals, Indigenous Species, Conservation, Bayelsa State
To cite this article
Kayode J., Ihinmikaiye S. O., Arowosegbe S., Oyedeji A. A., Conservation of Botanicals Used for Carving by the Ijaw Ethnic Group of Bayelsa State Nigeria, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 58-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160102.17
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abere, S. A., and Ezenwaka, J. (2012). Evaluation of forest conservation law in Nigeria. Proceeding of the First International Technology, Education and Environment Conference, ASSR.
Adu – Agyem, J. (1990). Concepts of Aesthetics, Appreciation and Criticism among the Indigenous Asante Carvers, Unpublished M. A. Thesis, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana.
Adu- Agyem, J, Gordon, J. S., Mensah, E. (2014). Wood carving in the Akuapem Hills of Ghana: prospects, challenges and the way forward. International J. of Business and Management Review 2, 148-177.
Bisong, F. E. (2001). Natural resource use and conservation systems for sustainable rural development. Baaj International, Calabar.
Gordian, C. O., and Ekiye, E. (2008). Ethnobotanical Applications of some Floral Species in Bayelsa State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 713-18.
Hawthorne, A. 1967. Kwakiutl Art. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Kayode, J. (2004). Conservation Perception of Endangered Tree Species by Rural Dwellers of Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 19 (4): 1-9.
Kayode, J. (2007). Conservation Implications of Timber Supply Pattern in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Forestry 1 (2): 86-90.
Kayode, J., Christmas, E. and Kayode, G. M. (2008). Checklist and Conservation of Botanicals Used For Natality by the Okpe-Speaking People of Delta State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2 (1): 16-21.
Kayode, J. and Ogunleye, T. (2008). Checklist and Status of Plant Species Used as Spices in Kaduna State of Nigeria. Research Journal of Botany, 3 (1): 35-40
Kayode, J., Ige, O. E., and Opeyemi, I. O., (2009). Conservation and Biodiversity Erosion in Ondo State, Nigeria: (1). Assessing Wood used for Carving in Ondo Kingdom. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 564-67.
Kayode, J. Ihinmikaiye, S. O., Oyedeji, A. A. and Arowosegbe, S. (2016). The Potentials of Myths and Taboos in Forest Conservation: Could they serve as being strategies in Bayelsa State of Nigeria? Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology 5 (1), 1-6.
Melissa, H. C. (1993). Conservation perspective on the wooden carvings of the Pacific North West Coast. WAG Post Prints. Denver, Col.
Mmom, P. C. and Arokoyu, S. B. (2010). Mangrove forest depletion, biodiversity loss and traditional resources management practices in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 2 (1), 28-34.
WRI (1986). World Resources Basic Books, World Resources Institute, New York, USA.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186