Physichochemical Properties and Trace Elements of Soils in Mambilla Plateau of Northeastern Nigeria
World Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 72-82
Received: Jun. 6, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 29, 2018;
Published: Oct. 13, 2018
Views 557 Downloads 35
Isaac Ernest, Department of Chemistry, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria
Maina Humphrey Mayi, Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
Donatus Raymond Bwano, Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Wukari, Nigeria
Riki Yohanna Emmanuel, Department of Basic Sciences, College of Agriculture, Jalingo, Nigeria
Joseph Bal, Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
The soil samples from Mambila Plateau were analyzed to determine the physicochemical properties of elements present by energy dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence. The physical and chemical parameters determined were colour, pH, electrical conductivity, specific gravity and elemental identifications of Cr2O3, CuO, NiO and V2O5 respectively. The pH values for soils of the study area are high between 3.96-4.30 being acidic, electrical conductivity values ranged from 81.79 – 238 mS/cm with higher electrical conductivity value at N1 having 238 mS/cm and lower electrical conductivity at S1 81.79 uS/cm respectively. The soil are yellow, red and gray; with hue steps of 2.5YR, 5YR, 7.5YR, and 10YR, a step values between 3-7 and the chroma range of 1- 6. The specific gravity which also is the relative density range from 2.00-2.50. The percentage elemental contents identified for trace elements decreased in the order V2O5 > Cr2O3 >NiO > CuO. The highest percentage concentration of element found was V2O5 at N4 0.29% while, CuO showed minimum concentration of 0.01%. The entire soils indicated high acidity levels due to the pH results tested, with spatial variation of the elements oxides contents higher at N1, N2, N3, N4, and decreasing through E1, E2, E3 and E4 to S1, S2, S3 and S4 at lower concentrations.
Maina Humphrey Mayi,
Donatus Raymond Bwano,
Riki Yohanna Emmanuel,
Physichochemical Properties and Trace Elements of Soils in Mambilla Plateau of Northeastern Nigeria, World Journal of Applied Chemistry.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2018, pp. 72-82.
Ayoub A. S, McGaw B. A, Shand C. A, Midwood A. J (2003). Photoavailability of Cd and Zn in soil estimated by stable isotope exchange and chemical extraction. Plant and Soil Vol. 252 No. 2, 291-300.
Raymond R. Weil, Nyle C. Brady (2016). Nature and Properties of Soils. 15th Edition. Pearson Education. Columbus.
Abaje I. B (2007). Introduction to soil and vegetation. Personal Touch Productions, Kaduna. 1-56.
Raji, B. A., Chude, V. O. (2007). “Compilation of Existing Soil Series in North-Western Nigeria” Department of Soil Sevens. Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.
Fasina, S. A. (2004), “Influence of Land Utilization of an altisol in South-Western Nigeria”, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment 6 (2): 171-178.
Amoyou U. A, Eze E. B, Essoka P. A, Effiong J, Egbai O. O (2013). Spatial variability of soil properties in Obudu Mountain Region of southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 3 No. 145-149.
Owonubi, A., Raji, B. A. and Odunze, A. C. (2006), “Morphological and physical properties of soils of a Toposequence in Samaru”, Zaria, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria.
Udo, B. I., Ndaeyo N. U. and Harold, K. O. (2006), “Fertility Status and Variability of some soil Developed from different parent materials in the humid region of Nigeria. Department of soil science, University of Uyo, Nigeria.
Stolt, M. H. Bake, J. and Simpson, T. W. (1993), “Soil Landscape Relation in Virginia”. Soil Science Society, American Journal of Soil 57: 414 – 420.
Mokuna, D. L. (1987), “Soil Variability of five Landforms in Michigan”. Soil Survey and Evaluation 7 (1): 25 – 30.
Yu, K. N., Yeung, Z. L. L, Lee, L. Y. L. Stokesa, M. J. and Kwok, R. C. W (2002). Determination of Multi-element profiles of soil using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF), Appl. Radiat. Isot. 57, 279–284.
Buol, S. W., Hole, F. D. and McCracken, R. J. (1973), “Soil Genesis and Classification 1st edition, Ames, I. A: Iowa State University Press 15BN 0-8138-1460-X.
Boul, W. Stanley, Randall J. Southhard, Robert C. Graham, Paul A. McDaniel (2003). Soil genesis and classification. 5th Edition. Wiley Publication.
Bami Yuno (2013). The Mambilla Region in African History (ms ed) Nzikachia: Unpublished p360.
Mambilla Plateau (2011). Nigeria Online Tourism Magazine. GggGoodlife.com.ng.
Virendra Singh, H. M. Agrawal (2012). EDXRF Analysis of Soil Samples to Study the Role of Trace Elements in Optimizing the Yield, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Vol. 2, Issue. 4, 1454-1458.
ISO (2006) ISO 11464 (2006) Soil quality–pretreatment of samples for physico-chemical Analysis.
Rayment, G. E., Higginson, F. R. (2002). Australian Laboratory Handbook of Soil and Water Chemical Methods, Melbourne, Inkata Press.
Munsell, (1973), “Munsell soil Colour Chart” Machetch Division of Kollomorgen Corporation Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA.
Munsell, (2009), Soil Colors charts with genuine Munsell color chips, Produced by Munsell color, 4300 44TH street Grand Rapids MI, 49512.
Onanuga, K. V. (2008), “Chemical Analysis of Nutrients and Pollutant Elements Contents of soils in two commercial farms in Adamawa state”, Federal University of Technology Yola, Nigeria. Unpublished M-Tech Thesis.
Shehzad Ahmed, Hameed-ur-Rehman, Baharullah, Khattak, Nisar Ahmad, Anum Urooj, Noor Ul Akbar, Muhammad Masab, Wajid Ullah, Ali Rehman and Azam Khan Durrani (2015). Soils of an European Mediterranean area by multivariate analysis. Chemosphere 65:863–872.
ASTM (2008) C127 - 15 Standard Test Method for Relative Density (Specific Gravity) and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate, ASTM International, West Conshohoken, PA, 2015, http://www.astm.org/cgi-bin/resolv.
Sarka, J. P. Landey, R. J. Kalbande, A. R. and Mondol, C. (2011). Characteristic and Classification of Soils of Kathiawar Region of Gurarat as influenced by Topography. Agropedology, Journal of Soil Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, 83-90.
Brady N. C and Weil, R. R. (2003).”The Nature and Properties of Soils,” Pearson Education (Asia).
Moeckel C., Nizzetto L., Di Guardo A., Steinnels E., Freppas M., Filippa G., Camporini P., Benner J., Jones, K. C. (2008), ”Persistent Organic Pollutants in Boreal and Mountane Soil Profile distribution, evidence of processes and implications for cycling” Journal of Environmental science and Technology 42 (22): 8374 – 8380.
Sexana, M. M. (1990), Environmental Analysis of Water, Soil and Air. Agro Botanic Publisher New Delhi, India pp121-129.
Imadojemu P. E, Usojuike D. N, Obasi S. N, Mbe J. O, Dibofori E. G (2018). Characterization and Classification of some soils of Edo State formed under different parent materials. FUW Trends in Science and Technology Journal Volume 3, No. 1, 201-206.
Jarrod O. Miller (2016). Soil pH affects nutrient availability. University of Maryland Extension1-5http://www.extension.umd.edu.
Haynes, R. J., Naidu, R (1998). Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: A review. Nutritional Cycle Agro-ecosystem 51, 123-137.
Hanlon E. A CIR10801 (2015). Soil pH and Electrical Conductivity: A country Extension soil Laboratory Manual. University of Florida IFAS Extension. http://edis.ifas.uf/.edu Retrieved May, 2017.
Rehm, G. M.; Schmith, H. J.; Lamb, R. E. (2001). Fertilizer recommendation for agronomic Crops in Minnesota. University of Minnesota Extension publication. 134 –240.
Pravin R. Chaudhari., Dodha V. Ahire., Manab Chkravarty., Saroj Maity (2014). Electrical Conductivity as a Tool for Determining the Physical Properties of Indian Soils. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 4, 1-4.
Arshad, M. A. and Martin, S. (2002) Identifying critical limits for soil quality indicators in Agro-ecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 88:153-160.
Eshani, R. and Sullivan, M. (2006), Electrical Conductivity (CE) sensor, Ohio State University Extension, AEX 562-02 http://ohioline.OSU.edu/aex-fact/0565.pdf.
Gaw S. K, Wilkins A. L, Kim N. D, Palmer G. T, Robinson P (2006). Trace elements and ƩDDT concentrations in horticultural soils from the Tasman, Waikato and Auckland regions of New Zealand. Sci Total Environ 355:31–47.
Oliveira, F C; Mattiazzo, M E; Marciano, C R; Rossetto, R. (2002). Organic carbon, electrical conductivity, pH, and CEC changes in a typical hapludox after repeated amendments. Braz. J. Soil Sci. 26:505 – 519.
Khorajiya, K. U., Kaneria, S. C., Jadeja, A. S., Chapadiya, F. and Rajani, A. V., Surendranath, R., Jawaharlal, M. and Anitha, K., (2017). Evaluation of Physical Properties of Irrigated Soils of Morbi District of Saurashtra Region of Gujarat Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 5 (4):DOI:10.18782/2320-7051.5189.
Chuan M. C, Shu G. Y, Liu J. C (1996). Solubility of heavy metals in a contaminated soil: Effects of redox potential and pH. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. Vol. 90 No. 3-4, 543-556.
United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2012). Reviewed Supplemental guidance for developing soil screening levels for superfund sites. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington D. C http://www.epa.gov/perfund/health/conmedia/soil/index.htm.
Environmental Protection Authority of Australia (EPAA) (2012). Classification and management of contaminated soil for disposal. Information Bulletin 105. Hobart, TAS 7001 Australia.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2015). Global Health Observatory data repository. Burden of disease. Lead attributable daily. http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.home.
European Environmental Agency (EEA) (2007). Progress in management of contaminated sites (CSI 015/LSI 003, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators.
Canadian Ministry of the Environment (CME). (2009). Soil, Ground Water, Sediment Standards for use under Part XV. 1 of the Environmental Protection Act.
M. Lago-Vila, D. Arenas-Lago, A. Rodríguez-Seijo, M. L. Andrade Couce, and F. A. Vega (2015). Cobalt, chromium and nickel contents in soils and plants from a serpentinite quarry. Solid Earth, 6, 323–335, DOI: 10.5194/se-6-323-2015.
Benedicta Yahya Fosu-Mensah, Emmanuel Addae, Dzidzo Yirenya-Tawiah, Frank Nyame (2017). Heavy metals concentration and distribution in soils and vegetation at Koele Lagoon area Accra, Ghana. Cogent Environmental Science, 3, 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/23311843.2017.1405887.
Mico´ C, Recatala´ L, Peris M, Sa´nchez J (2006). Assessing heavy metal sources in Agricultural soils of an European Mediterranean area by multivariate analysis. Chemosphere 65:863– 872.
Tamene Fite Duressa, Seyoum Leta (2015). Determination of Levels of As, Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb in Soils and Some Vegetables Taken from River Mojo Water Irrigated Farmland at Koka Village, Oromia State, East Ethiopia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research Volume 21, No 2, 352-372.
Food and Agricultural Organisation FAO (2006): Guidelines for soil description, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Rasheed M. A, Lakshmi M, Rao P. L. S, Kalpana M. S, Dayal A. M and Patil D. J (2013). Geochemical evidences of trace metal anomalies for finding hydrocarbon micro seepage in the petroliferous regions of the Tatipaka and Pasarlapudi areas of Krishna Godavari Basin, India. Pet. Sci. (2013) 10:19-29. DOI 10.1007/s12182-013-0245-x.
Jayawardana D. T, Pitawala H. M. T. G. A, Ishiga H (2014). Geochemical evidence for the accumulation of vanadium in soils of chronic kidney disease areas in Sri Lanka. Environ Earth Sci. Vol. 73. Issue 9, 5415-5424. DOI 10.1007/s12665-014-3796-2.
Hernandez, H. & Rodriguez, R. (2012). Geochemical evidence for the origin of vanadium in an urban environment. Environ Monit. Assess. Volume 184, Issue 9, 5327–5342 DOI/10.1007/s10661-011-2343-9.
Veronica E. Manga, Christopher M. Agyingi, Cheo E. Suh (2014). Trace Elements Soil Quality Status of Mt. Cameroon Soils. Advances in Geology, volume 2014, 1-8 DOI/10.1155/2014/894103.
Aliana Pendias-Kabata, Henryk Pendias (2001). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. Third Edition CRC Press Boca Raton, London 239-249.
Alloway B. J (2012). Heavy metals in soils: Trace Metals and metalloids in soils and their bio-availability. Third Edition. Springer Science.
Merian, E., Anke, M., Ihnat, M and Stoeppler, M (2004). Elements and their Compounds in the Methods. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. 145-148.