Characterization and Geochemical Modeling of Cu and Zn Sorption Using Mineral Systems Injected with Iron Sulfide: Case Study of Mine Waste Water, Wales, United Kingdom
World Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 13-23
Received: Nov. 27, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 24, 2016; Published: Feb. 3, 2017
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Authors
Davidson Egirani, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Napoleon Wessey, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Shukla Acharjee, Centre for Studies in Geography, Dibrugarh University, Assam, India
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Abstract
Sorption of Cu and Zn was investigated using single and mixed mineral systems under sulfidic-anoxic condition to treat wastewater obtained from disused mine pits at Parys Mountain in, United Kingdom. Water courses are the recipients of these contaminants. In these water courses fishing activities exist. Attempt was made to reduce the Cu and Zn levels intake in the watercourses using mineral systems of clays and goethite. These were tested with the mine waste water for characterization of copper and zinc removal at variable pH, solid concentration and contact time. In addition, levels of saturation of hydroxyl complexes were modeled. Batch reactions conducted at ambient temperature (23±2°C) reveal all systems of assorted minerals sorbed more Cu than Zn. In addition, Cu sorbed on iron sulfide exhibited increase in sorption with increasing pH. There was cross cutting effect of Cu and Zn sorbed on iron sulfide at pH 6 and Cu sorbed on goethite at about pH 7, These indicate similar metal removal characteristics. Differences in removal of copper and zinc ions may be assigned to outer sphere complexation and specific adsorption of copper and zinc ions. Non-promotive Cp effect (i.e. decrease in metal removal with increase in concentration of particle) was observed in all minerals. This effect may be assigned to increase in aggregation of the mineral particle size. Ageing characterization progresses as residence time was increased. This may be assigned thiol (=S-H) and hydroxyl (=Me-OH) groups and sites of reactions. There is no link to stable hydroxylation of copper and zinc species that could significantly contribute to the removal of these metals.
Keywords
Ageing, Cu-Zn, Mixed Mineral Systems, PH Solution Composition
To cite this article
Davidson Egirani, Napoleon Wessey, Shukla Acharjee, Characterization and Geochemical Modeling of Cu and Zn Sorption Using Mineral Systems Injected with Iron Sulfide: Case Study of Mine Waste Water, Wales, United Kingdom, World Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 13-23. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20170201.13
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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