Derician Trialism: The Concept of Human Composition into the Mind, Submind and Body Substances/Components
International Journal of Philosophy
Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 17-19
Received: Dec. 20, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 9, 2019; Published: Jan. 28, 2019
Views 727      Downloads 110
Kong Derick Njikeh, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Trialism is a term that is been used in Christian Theology, which is the doctrine that human is made up of three components which are; the Spirit, the Soul and the Body, giving rise to what is known as Christain Trialism. The term trialism was introduced in philosophy by John Cottingham as an alternative interpretation of the Cartesian Dualism (Mind-Body dualism) of Rene Descarte, by adding a third substance called Sensation in what he termed as Cartesian Trialism (Mind-Sensation-Body trialism). Going in line with the trialism nature of human by Cottingham, I think that the third substance Sensation is limited in explaining the processes between the Mind and the Body. So, I think that the substance Sensation should be replaced with the substance which I call “Submind” which is involved with the processes of memories, sensations, emotions and reflexes, which lead to what I term “Derician Trialism” (Mind-Submind-Body trialism). I believe that the mind is involved with high level consciousness, the Submind is involved with low level consciousness and the body has no consciousness.
Derician Trialism, Christian Trialism, Cartesian Trialism, Cartesian Dualism, Mind, Submind, Body, Consciousness
To cite this article
Kong Derick Njikeh, Derician Trialism: The Concept of Human Composition into the Mind, Submind and Body Substances/Components, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 17-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190701.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Trialism, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Cottingham J. (1985) Cartesian Trialism. Mind, 94, 218-230.
Robinson, Howard, (2003) Dualism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Njikeh K. D. (2018) Human Existence and the Universe. Books, Kindle Direct Publishing. ISBN 9781719935432.
Idealism, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
N. Block, O. Flanagan, G. Guzeldere. (1998) The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. MIT Press. pp. 375–415. ISBN 978-0-262-52210-6.
Gerald M. Edelman, Giulio Tononi (2000). A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-01376-7.
Richard M. Bucke (1905). Cosmic Consciousness: A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind. Innes & Sons. pp. 1–2.
(PDF) Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness (2012).
Njikeh, K. D. (2014) Electromagnetic Wave and Gaseous Communication between Individuals. Neuroscience & Medicine, 5, 20-22.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186