A New Perceptual Activity Approach to Scientific Historiography
International Journal of Philosophy
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2013, Pages: 21-28
Received: Mar. 18, 2013; Published: Jul. 30, 2013
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Author
Anna Storozhuk, Institute of Philosophy and Law of SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
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Abstract
Beginning from the second half of the ХХ century, the sociological approaches have been predominant in studying the issues concerning historiography of science; at the same time, the positions of rational philosophy have considerably weakened. The purpose of this article is to develop an alternative approach to the science historiography based on the assumption of perceptual activity. The active approach presupposes a close connection between the rational and the empirical cognitions that allows developing a new method of description of the scientific history. In the foundation of the approach being developed, there is an assumption about a certain perceptual expectation that plays an important role both in perception and rational interpretation of what has been observed. This new view on the relations between scientific theory and experiment allows revealing a larger variety of the occasions of such relations which turn out to be missed under other approaches to the history of science.
Keywords
Historiography of Science, Theory-Laden Observations, Theory and Experiment, Activity of Perception
To cite this article
Anna Storozhuk, A New Perceptual Activity Approach to Scientific Historiography, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 21-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20130101.13
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