Please enter verification code
Conduct Disorder and Its Relationship with Socio-Demographics Factors Among Secondary School Adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 9, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 60-65
Received: Mar. 2, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 16, 2020; Published: Jun. 17, 2020
Views 268      Downloads 107
Adeniyi V. Ojuope, Department of Psychology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Opeyemi O. Ekundayo, Department of Psychology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study investigated the prevalence of conduct disorder among secondary school adolescents and examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors (such as sex, age, school type, and family type) and conduct disorder among secondary school adolescents in Ondo State Nigeria. Primary data, sourced through the administration of questionnaire, were used in the study. The population for the study was the over 10,000 secondary school adolescents in Ondo State Nigeria. A sample of 420 was selected through a multistage sampling procedure using Cochran’s sample size determination formula (385). The instrument used in collecting data for the study were the Conduct Disorder Scale – CDS and a section measuring the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents. Collected data were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the prevalence of conduct disorder, while correlational analysis was computed to draw inferences (showing existing relationships among the variables) on the population for the variables under study. Results showed a prevalence rate of 14.5% for conduct disorder among the secondary school adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria. Results further showed a significant relationship between some socio-demographic variables and conduct disorder. The study concluded gender and type of school influence conduct disorder among secondary school adolescents in Ondo state, Nigeria.
Conduct Disorder, Sex, Adolescence, Adjustment, Survey, Multistage Sampling Procedure
To cite this article
Adeniyi V. Ojuope, Opeyemi O. Ekundayo, Conduct Disorder and Its Relationship with Socio-Demographics Factors Among Secondary School Adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 60-65. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20200903.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Adeusi, S. O. (2017). Parenting and demographic factors as predictors of adolescent conduct disorder: efficacy of multi-modal intervention. Gender and Behaviour, 15 (1), 8217-8230.
Agiobu-Kemmer, I. (2009). A model of the total human lifespan. In Agiobu-Kemmer (Ed): Growing Up: Theories and Stories. Lagos: Springfield Books
Akinola, A. N. (2014). Bibliotherapy as an Alternative Approach to Children’s Emotional Disorders. Creative Education, 05 (14), 1281–1285.
Aladegbola, A. G. (2013). Oppositional Defiant and Conduct Disorder in Ekiti State Secondary Schools, the effect on learning. Global Advanced Research Journal of Educational Research and Review. 2 (11) 218-221. (ISSN: 2315-5132)
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub.
Brezina, T., & Piquero, A. R. (2007). Moral beliefs, isolation from peers, and abstention from delinquency. Deviant Behavior, 28 (5), 433-465.
Canino, G., Polanczyk, G., Bauermeister, J. J., Rohde, L. A., & Frick, P. J. (2010). Does the prevalence of CD and ODD vary across cultures? Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 45 (7), 695-704.
Cochran, W. G. (1963). Sampling Techniques, 2nd Ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Diwe, K., Aguocha, C., Duru, C., Uwakwe, K., Merenu, A., & Nwefoh, E. (2016). Gender Differences in Prevalence and Pattern of Conduct Disorder among Adolescent Secondary School Students in South East Nigeria. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Vol, 5, 1.
Fakunmoju, S. B., & Bammeke, F. O. (2013). Development of perception of child maltreatment scale: Reliability and validity analyses. Sage open, 3 (2), 2158244013490703.
Frank-Briggs, A. I., & Alikor, E. A. (2008). Conduct disorder amongst children in an urban school in Nigeria. Nigerian Health Journal, 8 (3-4), 44-47.
Frank-Briggs, A. I., & Alikor, E. A. D. (2010). Anxiety disorder amongst secondary school children in an urban city in Nigeria. International journal of biomedical science: IJBS, 6 (3), 246.
Frick, P. J. (2004). Developmental pathways to conduct disorder: Implications for serving youth who show severe aggressive and antisocial behavior. Psychology in the Schools, 41 (8), 823-834.
Frick, P. J. (2016). Current research on conduct disorder in children and adolescents. South African Journal of Psychology, 46 (2), 160-174.
Gitonga, M., Muriungi, S., Ongaro, K., & Omondi, M. (2017). Prevalence of Conduct Disorder among Adolescents in Secondary Schools: A Case of Kamukunji and Olympic Mixed Sub-County Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. African Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1, 85-101.
Israel, U. N. (2016). Assessment of Adjustment Disorders, Parental Rejection and their Correlates among some Adolescents in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. (PH.D), University of Lagos.
Olashore, A. A., Ogunwale, A., & Adebowale, T. O. (2016). Correlates of conduct disorder among inmates of a Nigerian Borstal Institution. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 10 (1), 13.
Omotunde, E. E., & Philomena, O. (2014). Prevalence of conduct disorder among adolescents in a senior secondary school in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Pedagogy, Policy and ICT in Education, 4 (1), 15-28.
Osagie-Obazee, G. E., & Eduwen, F. O. (2016). The influence of family factors on delinquent adolescents in secondary schools in Edo South Senatorial District of Edo State. AFRREV IJAH: An International Journal of Arts and Humanities, 5 (3), 231-243.
Rogo, I. S., & Garba, A. M. (2018). Gender Difference in the Prevalence and Pattern of Conduct Disorder Among Adolescent Students of Senior Secondary Schools in Dala Education Zone, Kano State-Nigeria. Journal of Teaching and Teacher Education, 6 (01), 35-45.
Sainsbury, C. M. H. (2009). Preventing early conduct problems and reducing crime. 134–138 Borough High Street, London SE1 1LB.
Scott, S. (2007). Conduct disorders in children. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 334 (7595), 646.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186