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The Role of Parenting Style in Instilling Adolescents Pro-social Behavior: The Case of Adolescent Students in Arba-minch, Konso, and Jinka, Southern Ethiopia
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 22-33
Received: Jan. 4, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2020; Published: Mar. 17, 2020
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Authors
Zebene Temtmie, Department of Psychology, School of Behavioral and Pedagogical Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Demssie Tefera, Department of Psychology, School of Behavioral and Pedagogical Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the role of parenting styles in instilling adolescents’ pro-social behavior among secondary and preparatory school students. Two adapted instruments, i.e. the Pro-social Tendencies Measure (Eisenberg et al., 1995, Rushton et al., 1981) and Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1988) were used. The researchers hypothesized that, perceived Authoritative parenting significantly predicts adolescents’ pro-social behavior higher than those who perceive their parents relied primarily on Authoritarian, Permissive, or Neglectful Parenting‘s, and there is gender difference in pro-social behavior among adolescent students. Adapted Parental authority questionnaires and pro-social tendencies measure were distributed to 392 adolescent students. The study was employed Correlational research design. The data analysis used statistical techniques like bivariate correlation, regression analysis and independent samples t-test. The significant relationship were found between the permissive as well as the authoritative parenting style and the level of adolescents pro-social behavior development, (P<0.05) at a (.048) and (P<0.05) at a (.049) level of significance respectively. Regression analysis was performed and the hypothesis was rejected because permissive parenting style was found to have a more powerful impact on development of adolescents pro-social behavior with (β =.132, p<.05). There was no statistically significant gender difference in overall pro-social behavior t(390) =.296, p =.767. However, there was significant mean difference between male and female adolescent students only in altruism sub-type of pro-social behavior t (308.128) = 1.541, p =.017 (two-tailed); female adolescents were scored higher on mean score of altruism pro-social behavior than male adolescents. Important implications of the results were discussed and recommendations are also forwarded.
Keywords
Parenting Styles, Adolescents, Pro-social Behavior
To cite this article
Zebene Temtmie, Demssie Tefera, The Role of Parenting Style in Instilling Adolescents Pro-social Behavior: The Case of Adolescent Students in Arba-minch, Konso, and Jinka, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 22-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20200901.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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