American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages: 1-7
Received: Dec. 16, 2018;
Accepted: Jan. 31, 2019;
Published: Mar. 15, 2019
Views 717 Downloads 117
Kaaveri Dhingra, Department of Psychology, Cambridge School, Srinivaspuri, New Delhi, India
Yashwant Kumar Nagle, Scientist‘F’ Department of Psychology, 22 Services Selection Board, Sultania Infantry Lines, Bhopal, India
Families of service personnel are unique. Frequent moves, the potential of being deployed into hostile environments, long periods of family separation are some of the life stressors faced by them. The majority of researches in the area of military have focused on the family experience. The Personality and Adjustment patterns of children of service personnel remain unexplored specifically in Indian context. The objective of the present research is to compare the Personality and Adjustment patterns of children of non- Air Force Personnel and Air Force Personnel. In order to address the delineated research questions, a total sample of 82 adolescents from different Air Force schools in Delhi were chosen using random sampling. The sample comprised of 41 children of Non- Air Force Personnel and 41 children of Air Force Personnel. The age range was 15-17 years. The data was gathered using standardized questionnaires: HEXACO-PI 60 Items, Self Report form and Bell Adjustment Inventory. The data was analyzed using Pearson coefficient for finding the correlations between Personality factors and Adjustment and Multiple Regression Analysis was used to find which Personality factors are predicting emotional and social adjustment. It was found that there was a significant difference among children of Air Force Personnel and non-Air Force Personnel only with respect to Extraversion and Openness to Experience dimensions of Personality and Emotional dimension of Adjustment. Results from regression analysis revealed that Emotionality factor of Personality is a significant predictor of Emotional Adjustment (p<.001) which is explained by 12.5% variance. The findings of the research have further been discussed and related to the previous researches in this area.
Yashwant Kumar Nagle,
Personality Factors as Determinants of Adjustment Among Military Children, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2019, pp. 1-7.
Mukherjee, S., Kumar, U., & Mandal, M. K. Status of military psychology in India: A Review. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. Vol. 35, No. 2, 2009, pp. 181-194.
Santrock, J. W. The self, identity, emotion, and personality. In: Santrock, Adolescence. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2010.
Milburn, N. G., & Lightfoot, M. Adolescents in wartime U.S. military families: A developmental perspective on challenges and resources. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. Vol. 16, No. 3, 2013, pp. 266-277.
Mmari, K., Roche, K. M., Sudhinaraset, M., & Blum, R. When a parent goes off to war: Exploring the issues faced by adolescents and their families. Youth & Society. Vol. 40, No. 4, 2009, pp. 455-475.
Aranda M. C., Middleton L. S., Flake E., Davis B. E. Psychosocial screening in children with wartime-deployed parents. Military Medicine. Vol. 176, No. 4, 2011, pp. 402-407.
Reed S. C., Bell J. F., Edwards T. C. Adolescent well-being in Washington state military families. American Journal of Public. Vol. 101, No. 9, 2011, pp. 1676-1682.
Khaylis A, Polusny MA, Erbes CR, Gewirtz AH, Rath M. Posttraumatic stress, family adjustment, and treatment preferences among National Guard soldiers deployed to OEF/OIF. Military Medicine. Vol. 176, No. 2, 2011, pp. 126-131.
Willerton E, Schwarz RL, Wadsworth SM, Oglesby MS. Military fathers’ perspectives on involvement. Journal of Family Psychology. Vol. 25, No. 4, 2011, pp. 521-530.
Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C, The hexaco personality inventory, Scale Desciptions, 2009 [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: http://hexaco.org/scaledescriptions
Bell, H. M, Bell adjustment inventory manual, 1963, Consulting Psychologists Press [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Bell_Adjustment_Inventory.html?id=sh3GXwAACAAJ&redir_esc=y
Park, N. Military children and families: strengths and challenges during peace and war. Army Psychology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 2011, pp. 65-72.
Chandra, A., Lara-Cinisomo, S., Jaycox, L. H., Tanielian, T., Han, B., Burns, R. M., & Ruder, T. Views from the Homefront: The experiences of youth and spouses from military families. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. 2011.
Easterbrooks, A. M., Ginsburg, K., & Lerner, R. M. Resilience among military youth. Military children and families. Vol. 23, No. 2, 2011, pp. 99-120.
Kelly, M. L., Finkel, L. B., & Ashby, J. Geographical mobility, family and maternal variables as related to the psychosocial adjustment of military children. Mlitary Medicine. Vol. 168, No. 12, 2003, pp. 1019-24.
Hmaidan, Y. A., & Al-Zoubi, M. University adjustment and its relation to the characteristics of extroversion and neuroticism. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research. 2014, pp. 37-44.