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Neurofeedback Versus Pharmacological Intervention in the Treatment of Childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): First Spanish Clinical Neuropsychological Study
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 57-66
Received: Oct. 3, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 6, 2018; Published: Dec. 18, 2018
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Denise Medici, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Department of Neuropsychology, Hospital Vithas Nisa 9 de Octubre, Valencia, Spain
Pau Giner Bayarri, Department of Neurophysiology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain
Rosa Chilet Chilet, Department of Neurophysiology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain
Juan Moliner Ibánez, Department of Neurophysiology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain
Maria Morales Suarez-Varela, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Department of Biomedical Research Consortium for Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Valencia, Spain; Center for Public Health Research (CSISP), Valencia, Spain
Dayana Calvo, Department of Neuropsychology, James A. Haley Veteran’s Hospital, Tampa, USA
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In this study, twenty children diagnosed with ADHD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria (DSM-IV) were randomly assigned to receive NFB training or MPH treatment. The participants were evaluated at the beginning of the study and four months later on measures of behavioral (CPRS/CPRT), executive functions (BRIEF, CPT), attention (TOVA), and electrical activity (qEEG, ERPs). Post-intervention results showed improvements in attention, hyperactivity, executive functioning and in continuous performance measurement (CPT).Improvements noted in the NFB group were greater than that of the MPH group. Results of this study suggest NFB training resulted in greater improvements in executive functioning, behavior, attention, and qEEG compared to MPH treatment. Results indicate that neurofeedback may treatcognitive and behavior functions before these functions worsen or decrease. This study suggests future research to compare the efficacy of each of these treatments in larger populations with a greater heterogeneity in gender is warranted.
ADHD, Quantitative Electroencephalogram, Event-related Potentials, Continuous Performance Test, Neurofeedback, Methylphenidate
To cite this article
Denise Medici, Pau Giner Bayarri, Rosa Chilet Chilet, Juan Moliner Ibánez, Maria Morales Suarez-Varela, Dayana Calvo, Neurofeedback Versus Pharmacological Intervention in the Treatment of Childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): First Spanish Clinical Neuropsychological Study, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2018, pp. 57-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20180705.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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