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Roots of Friendship: Socio-Behavioral and Psychological Foundations of Male Alliances
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 110-117
Received: Jan. 14, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 23, 2017; Published: Oct. 23, 2017
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Author
Juri Plusnin, Department of Social Sciences, National Research University, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract
The summary paper argues that the phenomenon of male alliance (friendship) emerges as a consequence of mutual preference demonstrated by male individuals - both human and animal, - and such preference can be empirically captured. Friendly relations between men are built on two different foundations: (1) the principle of biological and social similarity and (2) the principle of psychological complementarity of the alliance members. Friendship is predominantly formed between boys and men of the same ethnic (racial) origin, similar age, behavior, and common social background. By contrast, psychologically friends are selected based on the complementarity of their temperament and main personality traits, such as ergonicity, sthenicity, emotionality, neophobia/neophilia, extraversion/introversion, dependence/independence of behavior, and dominance/submissiveness. These principles trigger the following key effects: a person is more likely to develop an individual preference and find a friend in childhood, and the number of potential friends is very limited.
Keywords
Male Alliance, Friendship, Individual Recognition and Preference, Similarity, Complementarity, Sociobiology of Friendship, Psychology of Friendship
To cite this article
Juri Plusnin, Roots of Friendship: Socio-Behavioral and Psychological Foundations of Male Alliances, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 110-117. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20170605.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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