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Emotional Intelligence Moderates Anxiety Reactions in Chronic Health Conditions
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 38-41
Received: Jun. 22, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 7, 2017; Published: Aug. 1, 2017
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Author
Leehu Zysberg, The Graduate School, Gordon College of Education Haifa, Haifa, Israel
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Abstract
Anxiety associated with chronic health conditions is a serious comorbidity with implications for health promotion and quality of life in adults with chronic illness. Thus there is value in identifying personal resources that may protect against anxiety. A recent concept that may meet this definition is that of emotional intelligence (EI). It was hypothesized that EI moderates anxiety levels among individuals with chronic conditions. A sample of 268 women living in Israel was recruited for this preliminary investigation (208 without a chronic condition, 60 with a diagnosed chronic illness such as high blood pressure or diabetes). Participants completed validated measures of anxiety and EI and provided health and demographic information. The evidence supported the hypothesized moderating effect of EI on level of anxiety in individuals with and without chronic conditions. While a simple comparison showed that individuals with chronic conditions reported higher levels of anxiety than their peers without a chronic condition, EI and the interaction term of EI and health condition showed a significant effect on anxiety, nullifying the simple effect of health condition. This preliminary study supports the potential role of EI in the experience of anxiety among individuals with a chronic health condition. Should future research support these findings, screening for at-risk populations as well as future interventions may be developed to improve quality of life for individuals coping with chronic illness.
Keywords
Emotional Intelligence, Chronic Disease, Anxiety, Health, Cross-Sectional Design
To cite this article
Leehu Zysberg, Emotional Intelligence Moderates Anxiety Reactions in Chronic Health Conditions, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 38-41. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20170603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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