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Subliminal Evaluative Conditioning Changed Implicit and Explicit Depressive Cognition
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 15-21
Received: Feb. 6, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 18, 2017; Published: Mar. 10, 2017
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Authors
Akihiro Masuyama, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Kengo Yokomitsu, Tobacco Academic Study Center, Tokyo, Japan
Yuji Sakano, School of Psychological Science, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan
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Abstract
The purpose of our study was to investigate whether subliminal evaluative conditioning could change implicit and explicit depression-related cognition. Subliminal evaluative conditioning was conducted as a form of Primed Lexical Decision Task, in which subliminally presented self-related word was followed supraminally presented positive words. For measuring implicit depression-related cognition, we used Depression Implicit Association Task (Depression IAT), and for explicit depression-related cognition, we used Depression subscale extracting from Depression And Anxiety Cognition Scale (DACS-D). Furthermore, we also investigated whether the changes of implicit and explicit cognition could be last for 24 hours. As a result, we found that evaluative conditioning changed the implicit depression-related cognition. However, this changing in implicit cognition did not last for 24 hours later. In explicit depression-related cognition, evaluative conditioning by PLDT changed not all subscale but negative automatic thought for self. These results suggested that evaluative conditioning made temporally changing to implicit depression-related cognition while sustained changing to explicit depressive thought for self.
Keywords
IAT, Evaluative Conditioning, Depression, Implicit Depressive Cognition
To cite this article
Akihiro Masuyama, Kengo Yokomitsu, Yuji Sakano, Subliminal Evaluative Conditioning Changed Implicit and Explicit Depressive Cognition, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 15-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20170602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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