An Analysis of the Components of Superstitions Behavior and Will to Win in Basketball Performance
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 129-136
Received: Jul. 22, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 1, 2015;
Published: Sep. 2, 2015
Views 3848 Downloads 134
Nishan Singh Deol, Department of Physical Education, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
Davinder Singh, Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
Follow on us
The researcher of this study aim to know about the role of Superstitions Behavior and Will to Win in Basketball Performance. To obtain data, the investigator had selected Fifty (N=50) male inter-college level basketball players of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab were selected for this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to attain the objectives of the study. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study. They were further divided into (N=10) each playing position i.e. Point guard (n1=10), Shooting guard (n2=10), Small forward (n3=10), Power forward (n4=10) and Center (n5=10). To measure the level of superstitions behaviors of the subjects, the superstitions beliefs and behaviour scale constructed by Bleak and Frederick (1998) was administered. To measure the level of will to win was measured by applying will to win questionnaire prepared by Kumar and Shukla (1998). One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed to find out the intragroup differences. Where F values were found significant LSD (Least Significant Difference) Post-hoc test was applied to find out the direction and degree of difference. For testing the hypotheses, the level of significance was set at 0.05. In a nutshell it can be said that from the findings that significant differences were found in basketball players Point Guard, Shooting Guard, Small Forward, Power Forward and Center on the sub-variables of Superstitions Behavior i.e., Clothing and Appearance, fetish, Team Ritual and Superstitious (Total). However, insignificant differences had been observed in the basketball players Point Guard, Shooting Guard, Small Forward, Power Forward and Center on the sub-variables of Superstitions Behavior i.e., Preparation, Game/Competition, Prayer and Coach. Conculdingly from the above findings that insignificant differences were present in the basketball players on the variable of will to win.
Superstitions Behavior, Will to Win, Basketball Players
To cite this article
Nishan Singh Deol,
An Analysis of the Components of Superstitions Behavior and Will to Win in Basketball Performance, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 4, No. 5,
2015, pp. 129-136.
Bleak, J. L., & Frederick, C. M. (1998). Superstitious behaviour in sport: Levels of effectiveness and determinants of use in three collegiate sports. Journal of Sport Behaviour, 21, 1-15.
Brooks, M. (2009). Born believers: How your brain creates God. New Scientist Magazine, 201, 30-33.
Kumar, A., & Shukla, P. S. (1998). Psychological Consistencies within the Personality of High and Low Achieving Hockey Players. Paper Presented in the International Congress of Psychology, Montreal, Canada.
Mayberry, W. (2010). Unearthing superstitions. Psychology of Sports. http://psychologyofsports.com/2010/06/08/unearthing-superstitions/.
Paul, B. W. (1960). Building a Champion Football Teams. NJ: Englewood Cliffs.
Roenigk, A. (2010). The power of belief. Espn the Magazine. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/news/story?id=5660039.
Wann, D. L., Grieve, F. G., End, C., Zapalac, R. K., Lanter, J. R., Pease, D. G., & Wallace, A. (2010). Examining the superstitious behaviors of sports fans: Types of superstitions, perceptions of impact, and relationship with team identification. Athletic Insight, 5, 21-44.
Mailer, J. B., & Lundeen, G. E. (1934).Sources of Superstitious Beliefs. Journal of Educational Research, 26(6), 321-343.
Robson, D. (2005). Players Walk Fine Line when it comes to Superstitions. USA Today.
Flanagan, E. (2013). Superstitious Ritual in Sport and the Competitive Anxiety Response in Elite and Non-Elite Athletes (Unpublished Bachelor’s dissertation). DBS School of Arts, Dublin.