Please enter verification code
Do Age and Gender Have Anything to Do with Job Satisfaction: A Practical Outlook on the Nigerian Public Sector
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 111-114
Received: Jun. 4, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 18, 2015; Published: Jul. 14, 2015
Views 5171      Downloads 159
Manasseh N. Iroegbu, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
This research examined the influence of gender and age on job satisfaction among employees working in the public service of Nigeria. 3000 participants from the head quarters of Nigeria’s federal service were randomly chosen for the study. Participants were dichotomized into 1620 males and 1380 females, 1590 older employees and 1410 younger employees. The instrument used for the study was the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (r=0.89). The design employed was the 2x2 factorial design while the two way ANOVA was used for data analysis. The results of the study revealed that the female employees experienced a higher level of job satisfaction than the male employees. Furthermore, the older employees of 45 years and above experienced a higher job satisfaction than the younger employees of 20 years and above. There was no significant interaction between age and gender. The implication of this finding is that the expectation of male workers from the organization seem to be higher than that of the females as a result of their heavy financial obligations to their immediate and extended families in line with the African culture. Also, older employees were more satisfied because their long stay had attracted many benefits which younger employees could not obtain.
Job Satisfaction, Motivation, Gender, Age, Public Sector Organisation
To cite this article
Manasseh N. Iroegbu, Do Age and Gender Have Anything to Do with Job Satisfaction: A Practical Outlook on the Nigerian Public Sector, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 111-114. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.15
Al-Ajmi, Rashed (2006). The Effect of Gender on Job Satisfaction and Organisational Commitment in Kuwait. International Journal of Management, Vol. 23, No.4.
Boumans, N.P. et al (2011) Age Differences in Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction: The Influence of Age on the Relationship between Work Characteristics and Workers Outcomes. International Journal of Aging Human Development.
Cesar Carillo Garcia, Maria del Carmen, Solano Ruz, M.E. Martinez, Carmen I.G. Garcia (2013) Job Satisfaction Among Health Workers: The Role of Gender and Age. Latimo-Am. Enfermagen Vol. 21. N0 6.
Frances Burks (2015). What is the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Age. Demand media
Glen D. Moyes, P.A. Williams and Bruce Koch (2006). The Effects of Age and Gender on the Perceptions of Accounting Professionals Concerning their Satisfactions and Job related Attributes.Managerial Auditing Journal.Vol.21(5) pp 536-561
Kwangho Jung, M. Jae Moon, Sung Duek Hahm (2013). Do Age Gender and Sector Affect Job Satisfaction? Results From the Korean Labor and Income Panel Data.
Maslow, A.H. (1943) A theory of Human Motivation. Motivation and Personality. New York. Harper & Row.
Md. Shanim Hossain (2014). Job Satisfaction of Bank Employees in Bangladesh. Social Science Research Network.
Ngozi Sydney Agbor, R.E. Ebeh, B.E. Nwankwo and S.A. Agu (2014). Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Gender on Job Satisfaction Among Local Gorvernment Employees. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences (RPBS), 2(4) PP 86-89
Sadegh Rast and Azadeh Tourani (2013). Evaluation of Employees Job Satisfaction and Role of Gender Difference: An Empirical Study at an Airline Industry in Iran.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186