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Do Age and Gender Have Anything to Do with Job Satisfaction: A Practical Outlook on the Nigerian Public Sector
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 111-114
Received: Jun. 4, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 18, 2015; Published: Jul. 14, 2015
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Author
Manasseh N. Iroegbu, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
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Abstract
This research examined the influence of gender and age on job satisfaction among employees working in the public service of Nigeria. 3000 participants from the head quarters of Nigeria’s federal service were randomly chosen for the study. Participants were dichotomized into 1620 males and 1380 females, 1590 older employees and 1410 younger employees. The instrument used for the study was the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (r=0.89). The design employed was the 2x2 factorial design while the two way ANOVA was used for data analysis. The results of the study revealed that the female employees experienced a higher level of job satisfaction than the male employees. Furthermore, the older employees of 45 years and above experienced a higher job satisfaction than the younger employees of 20 years and above. There was no significant interaction between age and gender. The implication of this finding is that the expectation of male workers from the organization seem to be higher than that of the females as a result of their heavy financial obligations to their immediate and extended families in line with the African culture. Also, older employees were more satisfied because their long stay had attracted many benefits which younger employees could not obtain.
Keywords
Job Satisfaction, Motivation, Gender, Age, Public Sector Organisation
To cite this article
Manasseh N. Iroegbu, Do Age and Gender Have Anything to Do with Job Satisfaction: A Practical Outlook on the Nigerian Public Sector, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 111-114. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.15
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