American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 66-75
Received: Apr. 6, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 22, 2015;
Published: May 6, 2015
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Sonny Joseph, Psychiatry, Dr. Phillips Hospital Physician’s Office, Orlando, Florida, USA
Integrating aspects of playing dynamics, psychosocial insights derived from expertise in clinical psychology, psychiatry and public health, soccer observations, years of playing and refereeing experience, and literature review, the article offers a new perspective of soccer based on a qualitative analysis of the various problems such as critical and game-changing refereeing errors due to lack of sufficient objectivity, excessive fouling, scarcity of goals, the near impossibility of a solo run, flagrant fouling and disabling of gifted players, and the disproportionately frequent fan frustration and violence. The article argues that it is of unique importance in soccer that critical calls by the referee should be nearly 100% accurate primarily because the outcomes of most games are decided by a total of one or two goals. Theories are suggested as to why FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) does not allow the referee to verify critical calls using IVR (Instant Video Review or Replay). Creative solutions are proposed for stimulating lively debate.
A Dynamic and Psychosocial Analysis of Soccer: Problems and Solutions, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2015, pp. 66-75.
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