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The Root Causes of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 28-34
Received: Feb. 20, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 19, 2015; Published: Apr. 10, 2015
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Author
Muhabie Mekonnen Mengistu, Department of Cooperatives, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The Horn of Africa (HOA) has been mentioned as one of the most disputed regions of the globe. It has been experienced with a number of armed conflicts, ethno-linguistic disputes, religious radicalism where in it catches the attention of most developed nations including US for their strategic interest over the region. Accordingly, this paper attempted to identify and critically analyze the due reasons for an escalated war and instability throughout the region. By collecting secondary data from different reliable and verifiable sources, the data were analyzed using a combination of interpretivism and constructivism to guide the qualitative method of research. Hence, the output of the research depicted that the HOA is challenged by diversified intra-state and inter-state conflicts among the neighboring countries owing to economic, social, political and historical grounds. Most of them were rooting to boarder and territorial conflicts and ethnic and religious polarization. There are also resource centered disputes especially on the Red Sea, Indian Ocean and River Nile (the start of Ethiopia to construct The Great Renaissance Dam brings tension and anxiety among the three competing countries i.e. Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt). Though it is less sever, an armed cattle-raiding conflict in the frontier border lines of some of the states of the horn make them in trouble occasionally. Footed on identity conflicts, clan or religious based political parties struggle for power by provoking the peaceful society to get in to violence for their personal interests at the expense of the community. Even after they took power these parties will be either dictatorial or against good governance which drives multifaceted dispute with in a society. However, it is possible to peacefully resolve or prevent these issues including anticipating possible conflicts to early warn them, strategic intervention and necessary action, if required, by the sub-regional, regional and international organizations. It is pertinent to use cultural conflict resolution methods by involving ethnic figureheads and religious leaders for discussion and to hamper conflict escalations.
Keywords
Causes, Conflicts, Escalation, Ethnic polarization, Horn of Africa, Radicalism
To cite this article
Muhabie Mekonnen Mengistu, The Root Causes of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 28-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150402.12
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