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Longitudinal Examination of Personal Self-Efficacy and Engagement-Related Attributes: How Do they Relate
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 80-91
Received: May 12, 2014; Accepted: May 22, 2014; Published: Jun. 20, 2014
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Authors
Huy P. Phan, School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351 AUSTRALIA
Bing H. Ngu, School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351 AUSTRALIA
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Abstract
A synthesis of the contemporary literature indicates that longitudinal examination of self-efficacy beliefs in educational contexts has been limited to a few notable studies. The present study, utilizing a longitudinal research design, makes attempts to explore the distal impact of students’ enactive learning experiences on their academic self-efficacy beliefs. More importantly, apart from this research focus, we also examine the interrelations between self-efficacy and three major motivation-related attributes of engagement (e.g., absorption) on students’ achievement outcomes in the subject mathematics. This avenue of inquiry, for example, stipulates motivation-related attributes of engagement as potential consequences and antecedents of self-efficacy beliefs. 326 Year 10 students (185 girls, 141 boys) participated in this investigation. We administered a number of Likert-scale questionnaires on multiple occasions over a two-year period, using SEM to analyze the repeated data. MPlus 7.11 yielded some key findings for discussion and educational consideration, for example: the positive influence of Time 1 enactive learning experience on Time 2 self-efficacy and Time 3 motivation-related attributes of engagement; and the positive influence of Time 2 and Time 4 self-efficacy beliefs on Time 5 achievement outcomes. Finally, evidence obtained indicated the mediating mechanisms of both self-efficacy and motivation-related attributes.
Keywords
Personal Self-Efficacy, Motivation-Related Attributes of Engagement, Longitudinal Examination, Distal Impact
To cite this article
Huy P. Phan, Bing H. Ngu, Longitudinal Examination of Personal Self-Efficacy and Engagement-Related Attributes: How Do they Relate, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 80-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140304.11
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