Please enter verification code
Confirm
Using the Brain’s Fight-or-Flight Response to Predict, Prevent and Recover from Mental Illness during NASA’s Deep Space Missions
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages: 31-51
Received: Aug. 10, 2013; Published: Aug. 30, 2013
Views 3383      Downloads 189
Author
Len Losik, President & Chief Technology Officer, Failure Analysis, Capitola, California, USA
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
The cause(s) and cure(s) of mental illness eludes the medical health industry allowing today’s pharmaceutical industry to drive the treatment for all people with mental illness using drugs that minimize the symptoms allowing people to return to the lifestyle that exacerbated it. It is more profitable for pharmaceutical companies to develop drugs to treat the symptoms than cure or prevent mental illnesses. Deep space missions provide a harsh environment for astronauts, one that may increase the rate and severity of mental illness. Mental illness has been reported by astronauts in low earth orbit and some astronauts have become severely mentally after resuming other responsibilities. Looking at mental illness using electrical engineering, communications science and predictive science, the effects on the brain can be better quantified and understood in defining the cause, prevention and the recovery from mental illness if it is acquired during a deep space mission. This paper proposes that a person’s fight-or-flight response be used to explain the cause, prevention and recovery from mental illness due to no other available model in the mental health community. By accepting the FOFR as the cause of mental illness, it can also be used to explain the cause of most other diseases through its control of a person’s immune system when activated. Each time a person’s immune system is suppressed by the FOFR, it increases the likelihood of contracting a viral illness including cancer and many other diseases the immune system paralyzes. The results of this paper can be applied for general use by encouraging pharmaceutical companies to develop the drugs necessary to suppress the FOFR and subsequently stop the onset of most viral diseases, cancer and mental illness; much as drugs are used to suppress a person’s immune system to treat autoimmune diseases.
Keywords
Space Medicine, Predictive Diagnostics, Predictive Algorithms, Data Driven Algorithms, Model-Based Algorithms, Mental Illness, Predicting Mental Illness, Preventing Mental Illness, Recovering from Mental Illness
To cite this article
Len Losik, Using the Brain’s Fight-or-Flight Response to Predict, Prevent and Recover from Mental Illness during NASA’s Deep Space Missions, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2013, pp. 31-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20130204.11
References
[1]
Maral, Gerard, Bousquet, Michel, "Satellite Communications Systems," Fourth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, ISBN 0 471 496 54 5.
[2]
Balaji J, Armbruster M, Ryan TA., Journal of Neuroscience, June, 2008, 25;28(26):6742-9. Calcium Control of Endocytic Capacity at a CNS Synapse. (Needs to added)
[3]
http://frontierpsychiatrist.co.uk/models-of-mental-illness/
[4]
http://cancer.about.com/od/cancercauses/a/Viruses-And-Can-cer.htm
[5]
Losik, Len "Using the Brain’s Fight-or-Flight Response for Predicting Mental Illness on the Human Space Flight Program," Proceedings from the 2013 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky Montana.
[6]
Circadian Rhythm Laboratory, "Rhythmiccity of the Human Body Vital Signs,) available at the web site at www.Circadian.org/vital.html
[7]
Popov, Alex, Médecine spatiale opérationnelle, Operational Space Medicine Exploration spatiale - Astronautes, sciences de la vie et médecine spatiale Space Exploration - Astronauts, Life Sciences and Space Medicine Agence spatiale canadienne, Canadian Space Agency.
[8]
Volkov, Sergey, Chief of the Russian Cosmonaut Program. Kazakhstan Baikonur Cosmodrome.
[9]
Kanas, N., Sandal, G.M., Boyd, J.E., Gushin, V.I., Manzey, D., North, R., Leon, G.R., Suedfeld, P., Bishop, S., Fiedler, E.R., Inoue, N., et al. 2009. Psychology and culture during long-duration space missions. Acta Astronautica 64:659-677.
[10]
Losik, Len, "Upgrading the Space Flight Factory Acceptance Testing for Equipment and Space Vehicle Design, Manufacture, Test and Integration," AIAA Space 2009 Conference proceedings.
[11]
Losik, Len, "Predicting Hardware Failures and Estimating Remaining-Usable-Life from Telemetry," SanLen Publishing, Sacramento, CA, 2004, ISBN 978-0-9767491-9-6.
[12]
Failure Analysis, "Data-Driven Predictive Algorithms Users Guide," V2.25, Failure Analysis, Capitola CA.
[13]
Packet Telemetry, CCSDS 102.0-B-5, Blue Book, November 2000, CCSDS Secretariat, Program Integration Division (Code MT), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC 20546, USA.
[14]
http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih5/Mental/ guide/info-mental-a.htm.
[15]
http://www.thevisualmd.com/health_centers/wellness/manage _your_ stress/stress_makes_you_age_faster
[16]
Blackburn, Elisabeth, "Stress Makes You Age Faster,", University of California, San Francisco.
[17]
http://www.cnsforum.com/imagebank/section/Brain_struc_ anxiety/default.aspx
[18]
Advances In In-Vivo Imaging Of Serotonergic Neurons In Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Swen Hesse, Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital, Henryk Barthel, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany, Johannes Schwarz, Department of Neurology, University Hospital, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany, Osama Sabri, Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital, Ulrich Müller, Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Neuroscience & Bio-behavioral Reviews, Volume 29, Issue 7, 2005, Page 1119.
[19]
Losik, Len "Using the Brain’s Fight-or-Flight Response for Predicting Mental Illness on the Human Space Flight Program," Proceedings from the 2013 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky Montana.
[20]
http://english.tebyan.net/newindex.aspx?pid=31159& BookID=23649&Language=3
[21]
http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/fear2.htm
[22]
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/ PNS.html
[23]
Losik, Len, "Predicting Hardware Failures and Estimating Remaining-Usable-Life from Telemetry," SanLen Publishing, Sacramento, CA, 2004, ISBN 978-0-9767491-9-6.
[24]
National Institute of Health, National Institute of General Medical Sciences at http://www.nigms.nih.gov/ Education/Factsheet_CircadianRhythms.htm.
[25]
http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/book/978-1-4020-8351-8.
[26]
Circadian Rhythm Laboratory, "Rhythmicity of the Human Body Vital Signs,) at www.Circadian.org/vital.html.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186