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The Achilles’ Heel of Police Reforms in Kenya
Social Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 189-194
Received: Sep. 6, 2013; Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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Authors
Douglas Lucas Kivoi, Policy Analyst, Kenya Institute for Public Policy and Research Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
Casty Gatakaa Mbae, Policy Analyst, Kenya Institute for Public Policy and Research Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
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Abstract
The genesis of policing in Kenya dates back to the pre-independence times. After independence, the constitution at that time had provisions for the establishment of a neutral police service. However that was just on paper because political leaders turned the police service into a political tool for suppressing and/or repressing political opponents, real or imagined. Thus the police impunity that was there during the colonial era was never eliminated from the service after Kenya got independence. Fifty years later, Kenya is still struggling with reforming its National Police Service which is fettered in many challenges among them corruption within its ranks, extra-judicial killings, limited and/or lack of professionalism, poor housing, lack of modern crime fighting equipments among numerous other challenges. The constitution promulgated in 2010 made demands for structural and welfare reforms to be carried out in the National Police Service. It is worth noting that the reforms anticipated in the police service are now way behind schedule. The culture of impunity in the police service has contributed to too many cases of insecurity, gross violation of human rights, mistrust by citizens and derailment of key achievements in democratic governance. It is thus evident that an overhaul of Kenya’s police service is critical. This paper addresses some of the key challenges facing the National Police Service and gives some policy recommendations.
Keywords
Crime, Impunity, Mistrust, Police Service, Policing, Structural Reforms, Welfare Reforms
To cite this article
Douglas Lucas Kivoi, Casty Gatakaa Mbae, The Achilles’ Heel of Police Reforms in Kenya, Social Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 189-194. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20130206.13
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