The Territorial Dimension of “Europe 2020”: Mapping European Regions under the Strategy to Emerge from the Crisis
Volume 3, Issue 4-1, July 2014, Pages: 13-27
Received: May 16, 2014;
Accepted: May 21, 2014;
Published: Jun. 14, 2014
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Rubén Camilo Lois González, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Valerià Paül, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Juan-Manuel Trillo-Santamaría, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
The Europe 2020 Strategy (EU2020S) was launched by the European Commission (EC) in November 2009. The consolidated official document of the EU2020S constitutes a Communication from the Commission published in March 2010, being finally adopted by the European Council on the 17th of June 2010 in a meeting held in Brussels. The EU2020S has as meaningful subtitle: “a strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth”. That is to say, the EU2020S, first and foremost, seeks growth and considers that this prime objective must be achieved through three priorities, also known as pillars. If the strategic document of the EU for the decade 2000-2010 was the so-called Lisbon Strategy, the intended strategic document for the decade 2010-2020 is the EU2020S. Mainly, the need of a new strategic direction of the EU is motivated by the crisis context. The EU2020S contains eight headline targets that are set for being achieved by 2020. In short, the EU2020S indicates the basic direction that the EU economy should follow and this direction is intended to be measurable by means of some indicators, that is, the headline targets. For the purpose of the SIESTA Project, devoted to grasp the regional dimension of the EU2020S, all these objectives have been considered to be indicators to be mapped, mainly at NUTS 2 level. This way, the project seeks overcoming what some specialists have called the “territorially blind” dimension of the EU2020S. This paper presents the main results of the SIESTA Project by showing the maps directly related with the targets which the EU2020S issues to measure its fulfilment. Additionally, in order to assess the overall fulfilment of the EU2020S, a composite index has also been developed. It measures the distance of regions from the eight EU2020S headline targets: a region would score 100 if it had reached all eight targets, while a region furthest away from all eight targets would score 0. This methodology was inspired by the Lisbon index of the 5th Cohesion Report.
Rubén Camilo Lois González,
The Territorial Dimension of “Europe 2020”: Mapping European Regions under the Strategy to Emerge from the Crisis, Social Sciences. Special Issue: Geographical Evidence in Changing Europe.
Vol. 3, No. 4-1,
2014, pp. 13-27.
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