Literature Review of the Professional Farmers' Entrepreneurship Incubation Mechanism Based on Family Farms
Social Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 354-363
Received: Dec. 8, 2019; Published: Dec. 9, 2019
Views 58      Downloads 32
Zhou Pan, School of Economics and Business Administration, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China
Yang Huan, School of Economics and Business Administration, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China
Chen Shengshuang, Department of Public Mathematics, Hankou College, Wuhan, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
In recent years, the traditional methods of production and management no longer meet the needs of agricultural development in the new era. Family farms, as an important carrier and a new type of business entity for the occupational peasant business incubation, have brought good economic and social benefits, and also pointed out the direction for China's agricultural modernization. This paper systematically reviews the literatures on the entrepreneurial incubator mechanism of professional farmers with family farms as carriers, and combs them into six aspects: entrepreneurship, farmer entrepreneurship, professional farmers, family farms, entrepreneurial environment and entrepreneurial incubation. Literature review, introduction of connotation and characteristics, clarification of development problems and countermeasures, combing the influencing factors, summarizing the definition of occupational farmers' entrepreneurial incubation mechanism. In the end, in order to improve the success rate of professional farmers' entrepreneurship incubation, we need to make corresponding adjustments or improvements in two aspects. From the perspective of external conditions, the government needs to provide good policy support, financial institutions innovate the rural financial system, vigorously develop rural infrastructure, to create a good entrepreneurial atmosphere. From the internal basis, professional farmers should start from their own, learn the skills required for entrepreneurship, create favorable conditions for the success of entrepreneurial incubation.
Professional Farmers, Business Incubation, Family Farms
To cite this article
Zhou Pan, Yang Huan, Chen Shengshuang, Literature Review of the Professional Farmers' Entrepreneurship Incubation Mechanism Based on Family Farms, Social Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2019, pp. 354-363. doi: 10.11648/
Cantillon R. Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General, (An Essay on the Nature of business in General), circa 1730, Edited and translated by Henry Higgs, London: Frank Cass, 1959.
Stevenson H. H. and Gumpert D. E. The heart of entrepreneurship. Harvard Business Review, 1985, 85 (2): 85-94.
Drucker P. F. Innovation and Entrepreneurship, New York: Harper& Row, 1985.
Low M. B. and Macmillan I. C. Entrepreneurship: Past Research and Future Challenge. Journal of Management. 1988, 14 (2): 139-161.
Knight F. H. Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. Boston, MA: Hart, Schaffner and Marx, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1921.
Schumpeter J. A. The Theory of Economic Development Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Gartner W. B. A Conceptual Framework for Describing the Phenomenon of New Venture Creation. Academy of Management Review, 1985, 10 (4): 696-707.
Shane S. and Venkataraman S. The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research. Academy of Management Review, 2000, 25 (1): 217-226.
Wei Xufang. Farmers' Entrepreneurship: Resources, Performance and Models, People's Publishing House, 2016, p. 23.
Johnson T. G. The Role of Entrepreneurship in Rural Economic Development. Congressional Research Service Symposium entitled" Towards Rural Development Policy for the 1990s: Enhancing Income and Employment Opportunities. 1989.
Blanchflower D. G. Self-employment in OECD Countries. Labor Economics, 2000, 7 (5): 471-505.
Fonseca R. E. Entrepreneurship: Start-up and Employment, European Economic Review, 2001, vol. 4-6: 692-705.
Black S. E. and Strahan P. E. Entrepreneurship and bank credit availability. Journal of Finance, 2002, 57 (6): 2807-2833.
Morris C. and Drabenstott M. Financing rural businesses: What role for public policy?. Economic Review, 1989: 30-45.
Stathopoulou S., Skuras D. and Psaltopoulos D. Rural entrepreneurship in Europe: A research framework and agenda. Social Science Electronic Publishing, 2004, vol. 10 (6): 404-425.
Shields J. F. Does Rural Location Matter? the Significance of a Rural Setting for Small Businesses. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 2005, 10 (1): 49-63.
Gladwin C. H., Long B. F. and Babb E. M. et al. Rural entrepreneurship: One key to rural revitalization. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 1989, 71 (5): 1305-1314.
Skuras D., Dimara E. and Vakrou A. The Day after Grant-aid: Business Development Scheme for Small Rural Firms in Lagging Areas of Greece, Small Business Economics, 2000, 14 (2): 125-136.
Witbooi M., Cupido C. and Ukpere W. I. Success Factors of Entrepreneurial Activity in the Overberg Region of Western Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 2011, 4 (5): 1936-1941.
Chand M. The Need for Indigenous Social Entrepreneurial Spirit in the Sugar Industry Growth and Development in Fiji, Strategies and Innovations for Sustainable Organization, 2011, vol. 6: 620-638.
Guo Junying. Research on Regional Differences of Farmers' Entrepreneurship in China. Economic Problems Research, 2006 (6): 70-74.
Gu Jiajun, Xie Fenghua. Analysis of Regional Differences in Farmers' Entrepreneurial Activity Affecting Farmers' Income——An Empirical Study Based on Provincial Panel Data from 1997 to 2009. Agriculture Economics, 2012 (2): 21-25.
Wang Xiyu, Cui Chuanyi, Zhao Yang. Working and Returning to Hometown: Employment Transformation and Rural Development——A Study on Partial Urban Migrant Workers Returning to Hometown for Entrepreneurship. Management World, 2003 (7): 99-109.
Han Jun, Cui Chuanyi. The Difficulties and Countermeasures of Migrant Workers Returning to Hometown in China. Economic Survey, 2008 (11): 3-8.
Liu Zhirong, Jiang Changyun. A Literature Review on the Development of Farmers' Entrepreneurship——focusing on Farmers' Entrepreneurship in Western Regions. Research Economic Research, 2008 (66): 37-47.
Zhu Honggen, Kang Lanyuan, Weng Yulin, Liu Xiaochun. An Empirical Analysis of the Influencing Factors of Migrant Workers' Willingness to Return to Hometown in Labor Export Province——Based on Survey Data of 1145 Returned Migrant Workers in Jiangxi Province. China Rural Observation, 2010 (05): 38-47.
Shi Zhilei, Tan Yu, Wu Haitao. Analysis of entrepreneurial behavior and entrepreneurial willingness of returning migrant workers. China Rural Watch, 2010 (05): 25-37+47.
Jiang Jianyong, Guo Hongdong. Entrepreneurial atmosphere, social network and farmers' entrepreneurial intentions. China Rural Watch, 2012 (2): 20-27.
Guo Hongdong, Zhou Huizhen. Prior Experience, Entrepreneurship Alert and Farmers' Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition——A Mediating Effect Model and Its Enlightenment. Journal of Zhejiang University: Humanities and Social Sciences, 2013, 43 (4): 17-27.
Jiang Jianyong, Qian Wenrong, Guo Hongdong. A Study on the Influencing Factors of Farmers' Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition——Based on a Survey of 968 Questionnaires. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 2014 (1): 51-58.
Zhou Jinghua, Xie Zhou. Study on the relationship between farmers' entrepreneurial ability and entrepreneurial performance——Based on the survey data of 366 entrepreneurial farmers in Chongqing. Agricultural Technology and Economy, 2012 (05): 121-126.
Zou Fangfang, Huang Jie. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Resources of Returned Migrant Workers on Entrepreneurial Performance. Agricultural Technology and Economy, 2014 (4): 80-88.
Zhao Xihua, Zhou Yidong. Analysis of the status quo, influencing factors and countermeasures of farmers' entrepreneurship. Jianghai Academic Journal, 2006 (01): 217-222.
Zhu Qizhen. New Professional Farmers and Family Farms. Journal of China Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 2013, 30 (02): 157-159.
Li Wenxue. New professional farmers must have four characteristics. Rural Work Communication, 2012 (07): 35.
Zhu Qiwei, Mi Songhua, Huang Lili, Huang Hexiao. Study on the Willingness and Influencing Factors of New Type of Professional Farmers Participating in Skills Training——An Empirical Analysis Based on Scale Farmers. Zhejiang Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2014, 26 (05): 1361-1367.
Li Guoxiang, Yang Zhengzhou. The policy of cultivating new professional farmers in the United States and its enlightenment. Agricultural Economic Issues, 2013, 34 (05): 93-97 112.
Shen Hongmei. The Ecological Dilemma and Path Choice of Modern Agricultural Development in China——Based on the Perspective of Ecological Socialism. Reform and Strategy, 2014, 30 (07): 67-70.
Bardhan P. K. Size, Productivity and Returns to Scale: An Analysis of Farm Level Date in Indian Agriculture [J]. Journal of Political Economy, 1973, 81 (6) 1370-1386.
Cornia G. A. Farm Size, Land Yields and the Agricultural Production Function: An Analysis for Fifteen Developing Countries [J]. World Development, 1985, 13 (4): 513-534.
Carter M. and Wiebe K. Access to Capital and its Impact on Agrarian Structure and Productivity in Kenya [J]. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 1990, 72 (5): 1146-1150.
Li Dongsheng, Zeng Lingxiang, Zha Jinxiang. The Status Quo and Countermeasures of Family Farm Development in China [N]. Journal of Fujian Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 2000, 3 (3): 5-8.
Gao Qiang, Liu Tongshan, Kong Xiangzhi. Institutional Analysis of Family Farms: Characteristics, Mechanisms and Effects. Economist, 2013 (6): 48-56.
Lang Xiuyun. Family farm: A new market subject dominating modern agriculture in China [J]. Journal of Hunan agricultural university (social science edition), 2014, 15 (06): 1-6.
Guo Xibao. Family farm is the main body of agricultural scale operation [N]. Hubei daily, 2013-03-04 (015).
Lang Xiuyun. Family farm: International experience and enlightenment – A case study of the development of family farm in France and Japan [J]. Mao Zedong Deng Xiaoping theory research, 2013 (10): 36-41+91.
He jin, Xiong xueping, Song jintian. Comparison of foreign family farm model and development path selection in China [J]. Economic aspect, 2014 (08): 103-106.
Du zhixiong, Xiao weidong. Practical status and policy support of family farm development: Based on international experience [J]. Reform, 2014 (06): 39-51.
Gao Jian et al. Global Entrepreneurship Watch China Report – Based on the analysis of 2005 data. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2006.
Cai Zhuanghua, Yang Xuhui, Li Yaowei. Construction of the Index System for Entrepreneurial Environmental Assessment. Business Times, 2008 (34): 51-52.
Qian Zijian, Luo Xinyang. An Empirical Study of Rural Entrepreneurial Environment: Taking Shaoxing, Zhejiang as an Example. Northern Economy, 2010 (2): 28-30.
Xu Jin, Luo Jianyan. Research on the Construction of Migrant Workers' Returning to Hometown Entrepreneurship Support System Based on SWOT Model——Taking Zhejiang Province as an Example. Tianfu New Theory, 2010 (06): 92-96.
Qiao Rui, Wei Feng. Research on the Construction of Entrepreneur's Entrepreneurship Environment Evaluation System: Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Fuzzy Evaluation Method. Modern Trade and Industry, 2011 (6): 33-34.
Xu Wen. Research on the problem of migrant workers returning to their hometowns—Taking Hunan Province as an example. Hunan Agricultural University, 2012.
Gu Yu. Research on the entrepreneurial support system for migrant workers returning from Xiangyang City. Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 2013.
Zhu Honggen, Liu Lei, Kang Lanyuan. Research on the Impact of Entrepreneurial Environment on Farmers' Entrepreneurial Performance. Agricultural Economics and Management, 2015 (01): 15-25.
Bai Wenjing. Analysis of Environmental Factors of Farmers' Entrepreneurship Performance in Jilin Province. Cooperative Economy and Technology, 2017 (09): 74-77.
Chi Renyong. A Comparative Study of American and Japanese Entrepreneurial Environments. Foreign Economics and Management, 2002 (9): 13-19.
He Peng, Zhuang Xiaolan. Discussion on Constructing the Incubation System of Fujian University Students' Cultural and Creative Enterprises. Management Observation, 2014 (28): 139-142.
Allen D. N. and Rahman S. Small business incubators: A positive environment for entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 1985, 23 (3): 12-22.
Rice M. P., Co-production of business assistance in business incubators: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Venturing, 2002, vol. 17: 163-187.
Allen, D., & Rahman, S., 1985. Small business incubators: a positive environment for entrepreneurship. Jourmal of Small Business Management, 23 (3): 12-22.
Smilor R. W. and Gill M. D. The new business incubator: linking talent, technology, capital, and know-how. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1986.
Lalkaka R. Lessons from international experience for the promotion of business incubator systems in emerging economies: Number3[M]. New York: Business and Technology Development Strategies. 1997.
Campbell C., Kendrick R. C. and Samuelson D. S. Stalking the latent entrepreneur: business incubators and economic development. Economic Development Review, 1985, 3 (2): 43-49.
Smilor R. W. Commercializing technology through new business incubators. Research Management, 1987, 30 (5): 36-41.
Hisrich R. D. and Smilor R. W. The university and business incubation: Technology transfer through entrepreneurial development. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 1988, 13 (1): 14-19.
Rhonda G. P. Technology business incubators: How effective as technology transfer mechanisms? Technology in Society, 2002, vol. 24: 299-316.
Zhang Wei, Xing Wei. Research on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Incubation Environment and Growth Performance of High-tech Enterprises. Science Research, 2007 (01): 74-78.
Huang Yifang, Zhu Jiangyan. An Empirical Study on the Elements of Entrepreneurial Incubation Environment Based on Entrepreneur Cognition. Enterprise Economy, 2009 (05): 64-67.
Huang Shaoan. Institutional Analysis Restricting Farmers' Getting Rich. Academic Monthly, 2003 (6): 96-102.
Luo Xinyang. Research on Rural Entrepreneurship Environmental Assessment System. Journal of Bingtuan Party School, 2009 (2): 66-69.
Zhang Xiuyan, Zhang Zheng, Liu Yang. Analysis of factors influencing the entrepreneurial activities of returning migrant workers based on the GEM revised model. Social Science Front, 2010 (7): 65-70.
Zhu Honggen, Weng Yulin, Chen Zhaoqi. An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Policy Support on Migrant Workers Returning to Hometowns——Based on Jiangxi Survey Data. Journal of Jiangxi Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 2011, 10 (01): 19-27.
Wang Yushuai, Wu Chao. The construction and support system of the theoretical framework for migrant workers returning to their hometowns. Corporate Economy, 2013 (9): 150-155.
Jiang Renguo, Zhang Wei, Zhang Baojian. A Review of Research on Networking Mechanism of Business Incubator Organization. Exploration of Economic Issues, 2011 (05): 80-84.
Tan Kaiming, Wei Shihong. The Evolution and Enlightenment of the US Technology Incubator Network. Science and Technology Management Research, 2007 (04): 58-59+62.
Zhang Wei, Li Jia. Research on the Operation Mechanism of Social Network Entrepreneurship Mode of Technology Business Incubator——Taking Xi'an High-tech Zone Entrepreneurship Service Center as an Example. Science and Technology Progress and Countermeasures, 2008, 25 (12): 18-21.
Yu Xiaodan, Wang Keyi, Zhong Qi. Research on Business Incubator Knowledge Network and Its Innovation Mechanism. Technology and Management, 2009, 11 (06): 56-59.
Zhang Weiguo, Chen Xuemei, Chen Yu. Discussion on the boundary problem of non-equity strategic alliances. Science and technology progress and countermeasures, 2006 (04): 136-138.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186