Trends and Actors of Local Water Governance in Ethiopia: The Case of Borkena River
Social Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 214-225
Received: Jul. 6, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 24, 2019; Published: Sep. 10, 2019
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Shimellis Hailu Dessie, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Sebsib Hadis Woldie, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Mulugeta Tesfaye Teshome, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Yimer Ali Mohammed, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
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Water governance is the range of political, social, economic and administrative systems that are in place to develop and manage water resources and delivery of water services at different level of society. This research assessed the trends and actors of Borkena river water governance. Borkena is major tributary of Awash River that originated from South Wollo, Kutaber Woreda. The research use qualitative research approach and data were gathered from both primary and secondary sources. Based on the data, the research found the households and institutions around the river contributed for the depletion of the river water. There is clear policy and practice gap where weak institutional linkages exacerbate the river pollution from bad to worst. The research found that Borkena River serves for the social and economic need of large number of households in the basin. However, the river is found ownerless where no specifically identified government offices are responsible for the river governance at local level. Thus, the river suffers from disposals of industries, companies and households wastes. The river pollution is the result of the absence of planed and systematic solid and liquid wastes management mechanisms from the upper to the lower basin. Based upon the finding, the researchers suggest three areas of intervention using government bureaucracy and other civic organizations. These are: (1) revising the policy documents and establishing specific river governing body at local levels; (2) Expanding good experiences of riverside basin protection in the area; and (3) Intensive awareness creation about waste management and preserving river water needs to be implemented to improve the surrounding communities’ socioeconomic wellbeing that enable Borkena river clean and viable for future.
Borkena River, Actors, Water Governance, Trends of Water Governance
To cite this article
Shimellis Hailu Dessie, Sebsib Hadis Woldie, Mulugeta Tesfaye Teshome, Yimer Ali Mohammed, Trends and Actors of Local Water Governance in Ethiopia: The Case of Borkena River, Social Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 214-225. doi: 10.11648/
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