Mtwara Gas Project Conflict: Impacts on Local Communties’ Socio-economic Activities (Part 1)
Social Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 63-72
Received: Apr. 5, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 20, 2017; Published: Jun. 3, 2017
Views 2629      Downloads 158
Mwesiga Thobias, Planner and Natural Resource Management Consultant, Dodoma, Tanzania
Mikova Kseniia, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study investigated the impact of the gas project conflict on local community socio-economic activities in Mtwara Municipality. Natural resources conflict in study area arises mainly due to the disagreement of parties about benefit sharing. The conflict resulted in various negative impacts affecting the local community, including food insecurity, reduction of the economic activities and as result loss of income. Public offices, private agencies, schools, hospitals and other business did not operate because of the unrest and conflict that some business owners were engaged in. Conflicts impacts negatively on community because residents did not perform their income generating activities regularly due to fear of violators and the police/army forces operations. Some residents hid in forests in order to stay alive. All this led to significant income loss and the majority of the respondents perceived that they were not able to attain their basic needs. This implies that the particular conflict had a great impact on the socio-economic activities of community which further affected the normal living standards. Moreover, the gas conflict negatively impacted on women and children as was claimed by all respondents.
Natural Resources, Conflict, Socio-economic Activities, Mtwara
To cite this article
Mwesiga Thobias, Mikova Kseniia, Mtwara Gas Project Conflict: Impacts on Local Communties’ Socio-economic Activities (Part 1), Social Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 63-72. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UN-IFTPA, “The United Nations – Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action Report”, USA. 2012. Pp. 25-46.
Rosser, A. The Political Economy of the Resource Curse: A Literature Survey. 2006. Pp. 89-96.
Collier P. and Hoeffler A. (2002). Greed and Grievance in Civil War. Centre for the Study of African Economic. Oxford University, WP 2002-01. ( pdfs/2002-011ext-pdf. [assessed on 20.03.2016]).
Onyeuku, A. J. Resource curse in Nigeria: Perceptions and Challenges, Central European University, Centre for Policy Studies. 2007. Pp. 21-48.
UNDP. Niger Delta Human Development Report. Development Programme: United Nations, Abuja. 2006a. Pp. 7-36.
Save the Children International Report. St Vincent’s House 30 Orange Street London WC2H 7HH United Kingdom. 2015. Pp. 25-67.
UNDP. Macroeconomic policies for poverty reduction: The case of Sudan. Khartoum. United Nations Development Programme. 2006b. Pp. 78-96.
Patey, L, A. “State Rules: Oil Companies and Armed conflicts in Sudan.” The Danish Institute for International Studies. Third World Quarterly. 2007. Vol. 28 No. 5.
D’Agoôt, M. Energy Politics and the South Sudan Referendum: Anatomy of a Resource Curse, Middle East Policy, 2009. Vol. 16, No. 4.
Simbakalia, J.L. The Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF): 2 Challenges Ahead for Tanzania to Build New Capacities for Gas Industry. 2013. Discussion Paper No. 51 Development.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT). Ministry of Finance: National Bureau of Statistics. Census General Report of 2012. 2013. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT). The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania. Dar es Salaam. 1977.
Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Edition, and New York: Harper and Row.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT). The National Youth Development Policy of 2007, Government Printers, DSM. 2007.
Africa Development Bank. (2012). Annual report. P. 263.
Simon P. (2013). Nature of Urban Youth Unemployment in Tanzania: Challenges and Consequences. Presented at REPOA’s 19th Annual Research Workshop held at the Ledger Plaza Bahari Beach Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. April 09-10, 2013.
World Bank Report. Niger Delta Social and Conflict Analysis; Sustainable Development Department, Africa Region: Nigeria. 2008.
Care Tanzania. “Women and Agriculture Project; Gender Analysis Report for Care International Tanzania”. 2010.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT). Ministry of Energy and Natural Resource. Tanzanian energy sector under the universal principles of the Energy Charter Brussels. 2015.
Obi, C. “Oil extraction, dispossession, resistance and conflict in Nigeria’s oil rich Niger Delta”, Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 2010. 30(1/2).
Aworawo, D. Divisive Dividing: Revenue Allocation and Unrest in Nigeria Since the Late Colonial Period. Histotia Actual Online. 28, 2012. Pp. 17-48.
Global Policy Forum Report. Democratic Republic of Congo. New York, USA. 2013.
Harsch E. Conflict resources: from “curse” to blessing: Transforming an Africa war risk into a peace asset, Africa Renewal: January 2007, 2007. P. 17.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), D.R. Congo. 2001.
Lecoutere, E., Vlassenroot K, and Raeymaekers T. Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern D.R. Congo Conflict Research Group, Ghent University, Belgium Africa focus. Volume 22, Nr. 2, 2009. Pp. 41-63.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Woman and Conflict Report. In Introductory Guide for Programming. 2007. P. 29.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186