Empowering Marginalized People by Maximizing Reflective Intelligence: A Pragmatist Problem Solving Approach
Social Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 189-198
Received: Oct. 18, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 16, 2014; Published: Nov. 24, 2014
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Alireza Moula, Department of Social & Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden
Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Departmnt of Social Work, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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This paper considers how to catalyze marginalized people’s thinking by instilling habits to maximize their use of reflective intelligence. Authors explain intelligence from the viewpoint of American pragmatism and present tools that can empower Iranian single mothers in their daily lives. The case of a single mother who participated in an empowerment project in Iran suggests that reflective intelligence is a dynamic process that can be strengthened by using pedagogical tools. The authors present a model of the intelligent method for further evaluation and application in empowerment-oriented social work practice among poor and marginalized groups.
Pragmatism, Intelligence, Empowerment, Problem-Solving, Iran
To cite this article
Alireza Moula, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Empowering Marginalized People by Maximizing Reflective Intelligence: A Pragmatist Problem Solving Approach, Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 189-198. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20140306.12
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