The Rise of Islamic Jihad in Northern Nigeria and Its Implications on the Jos-Plateau Religious Conflicts
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 67-73
Received: Apr. 23, 2014;
Accepted: May 15, 2014;
Published: May 30, 2014
Views 3557 Downloads 206
Jock Matthew Agai, School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa
For over two decades, the regions of northern Nigeria have been experiencing various religious conflicts and government approach in curbing the menaces have often been of no positive effect. From the year 2001, the conflicts have taken a new dimension because Hausa/Fulani jihadists sporadically attack rural communities within the Jos Plateau province repeatedly killing hundreds and thousands of people without showing any remorse. The conflicts have often been described by the media and politicians as strictly an ethnic or land-ownership conflicts. Using historical analogies, this researcher argues that the course for Islamic Jihad in northern Nigeria which started since 1804 is the main reason behind Muslim and Christian conflicts in Jos.
Jock Matthew Agai,
The Rise of Islamic Jihad in Northern Nigeria and Its Implications on the Jos-Plateau Religious Conflicts, Social Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2014, pp. 67-73.
Abdulsalami Isa., 2011, “Gunmen kill 12 in Plateau,” The Guardian. January 28th, 2011. From www.theguardiannigerianonline.mhtml viewed 25th May 2013.
Adamu Theresa., 2002, lectures on “Christianity and Islam from 622-1453,” Bukuru, The Theological College of Northern Nigeria, 10TH-19TH March 2002.
Agai Jock Matthew., 2003, lectures on “The effects of poor relationship between Christians and Muslims: The way forward,” Bukuru, The Theological College of Northern Nigeria, 16th April 2003, pp.1-9.
Ali, Abdullah.Yusuf., 1938, The Holy Qur-an Text, translation and commentary, SH Muhammad Ashraf: Lahore.
Aliogo, E. Jonathan., 2012,Up to date current affairs, Dejoe Publication: Enu-gu.
“Breaking News: Plateau State Politicians, Gyang Dantong and Gyang Fulani, Killed After Attending Mass Burial of Victims of Saturday Attacks,” 8th July, 2012 on file://F:/1392-breaking-news-plateau-state-politicians-gyang-dantong-and-gyang-fulani... viewed 27th June 2013.
“Muhammed Bello.,” Viewed 24rd June 2013. From www.thefreeencyclopedia.htm
Chollom, Ezekiel., 2009, “Re: How Jos Crisis Erupted, By Reps C’ttee” News diary on www.joscrisis.mht 9th April 2009, viewed 26th June 2013.
Je’adayibe Gwamna Dogara., & Kudu Amango., 2013, “Sliding towards Armageddon: Revisiting ethno-religious crises in Nigeria” from www.abriefhistoryofjos.mhtm viewed 6th May 2013, pp. 1-27.
Falola, Toyin. & Heaton, M. Matthew., 2010, A history of Nigeria. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Isichei, Elizabeth., (ed.), 1982. Studies in the history of Plateau state. London: Macmillan Press.
Lange, Dierk., 2004, Ancient kingdoms of West Africa: Africa-centred and Canaanite-Israelite perspectives, a collection of published and unpublished studies in English and French, J.H.Roll: Dettelbach.
Lavers, E. John., 2004, ‘Kanem and Borno to 1800’in O. Ikime (ed.) Groundwork of Nigerian history, Heinemann Educational Books: Jos, pp. 187-209.
Major Gideon Okar Coup Speech in April 1990 on mhtml:file://F:/Major-Gideon-Okar-Coup-Speech , viewed 27th June 2013.
Muhaiyadden, M.R. Bawa., 1990, Islam and world peace: Explanation of the Sufi, The Fellowship Press: Philadelphia.
Murray, Jocelyn., 1981 (ed.), Cultural atlas of Africa, Oxford Press. Phai-don.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein., 2006, “Al-Serat: The spiritual significance of Jihad,” vol. IX, No.1 on www.thespiritualsignificanceofjihad.htm viewed 29th March 2006.
Obateru, Taye., 2011, “Jos: Crisis: Failure to prosecute sponsors worried Rep,”The Vanguard. January 19th 2011. From www.vanguardnigeriaonlineedition.mhtml viewed 26th June 2013.
Omolewa, Michael., 2008, Certificate history of Nigeria. Longman: Ikeja.
Shaw, Thurstan., 2004, ‘Prehistory’, in O. Ikime (ed.). Groundwork of Nigerian history, Heinemann Educational Books: Jos, pp. 25-53.
Rothfuss, Rainer. & Joseph, Yakubu., 2010, “The Spatial Dimension of Muslim-Christian Conflict in the Middle Belt of Nigeria”, International Journal for Religious Freedom, 3:2, 2010, pp. 39-63.
Rothfuss, Rainer. & Joseph, Yakubu., 2012, “Threads to Religious Freedom in Nigeria”, International Journalfor Religious Freedom, 5:2, 2012, pp. 73-85.
Skolfield, H. Ellis, 2001, The false prophet: Who is behind Middle East terrorism? Fish House Publishing: Florida.
Sookhdeo, Patrick., 2002, A Christian pocket guide to Islam, Christian Focus & Isaac Publishers: Scotland.