Please enter verification code
Impact of Physical Activity on the Psychological Health of the Elderly
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 77-81
Received: Sep. 4, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2018; Published: Dec. 14, 2018
Views 926      Downloads 178
María Antonia Parra-Rizo, Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Alicante, Spain
Article Tools
Follow on us
Life expectancy and longevity present a great and urgent challenge due to the increase of population older than 65 years. This circumstance generates some high scientific, health and economic demands for facing the future ahead. Prevention of noncommunicable diseases related to population aging, aims to improve physical and psychological quality of life and consequently it has been implemented as a main measure of health policies. In this respect, the practice of physical activity and its effects on emotional variables is considered of great interest in this significant population as a preventive health step. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to describe the variables studied in relation with the practice of physical activity. For this purpose, a search was carried out in ScienceDirect, SportDiscus and Pubmed using as keywords "physical activity", "aging", "emotion" and "health"; limited to a time interval between 2007 and 2018. As a result of this search, a significant amount of publications regarding the benefits of depression, anxiety and stress in aging were found. However, attention is now being paid to the benefits of physical activity like reinforcement of positive states such as greater well-being and good mood. In conclusion, in the present work the studies related to the benefits of physical activity are examined in order to know its impact on the psychological well-being. The data suggest that the greatest benefit is provided by a medium intensity aerobic exercise, of between 30 and 60 minutes, practiced twice a week. Future studies should explore the benefits of physical exercise in psychological variables through a longitudinal design in order to verify a slowdown in the effects of aging.
Physical Activity, Aging, Positive Emotion, Health, Intensity
To cite this article
María Antonia Parra-Rizo, Impact of Physical Activity on the Psychological Health of the Elderly, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2018, pp. 77-81. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20180704.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Shankar, A., Bjorn, S. B. y Steptoe, A. (2015). Longitudinal associations between social connections and subjective wellbeing in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Psychology & Health, 30(6), 686-698.
OECD y European Commission (2013). A good life in old age? Monitoring and improving quality in long-term care. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Fernández-Ballesteros, R., Robine, J. M., Walker, A. y Kalache, A. (2013). Active aging: A global goal. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research. Doi: 10.1155/2013/298012.
Cuenca-Amigo, M. y San Salvador del Valle, R. (2016). La importancia del ocio como base para un envejecimiento activo y satisfactorio. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 25(2), 79-84.
Onunkwor, O. F., Al-Dubai, S. A., George, P. P., Arokiasany, J., Yadav, H., Barva, A. y Shuaibu, H. O. (2016). A cross sectional study on quality of life among the elderly in non-governmental organizations elderly homes in Kuala Lumpur. Health and quality of life outcomes, 12, 6.
Santacreu, M., Bustillos, A. y Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (2016). Multidimensional/ Multisystems/ Multinature Indicators of Quality of Life: Cross-Cultural Evidence from Mexico and Spain. Social Indicators Research, 126(2), 467-482.
Nilsen, C., Agahi, N. & Shaw, B. (2018). Does the association between leisure activities and survival in old age differ by living arrangement. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 72, 1-6.
Taylor, B. A. & Pescatello, L. S.(2016). For the love it: Affective experiences that may increase physical activity participation among older adults. Social Science & Medicine, 161, 61-63.
Albuquerque, A. P. A., Borges-Silva, F., Gomez da Silva, E., Pinto, A. & Dantas, E. (2017). Physical activity: Relationship to quality of life and memory in older people. Science & Sports, 32(5), 259-265.
Sánchez-González, J. L., Calvo-Arenillas, J. L. & Sánchez- Rodríguez, J. L. (2018). Efectos del ejercicio físico moderado sobre la cognición en adultos mayores de 60 años. Revista de Neurología, 66, 230-236.
Pastor, D., Carbonell, L. & Cervelló, E. (2017). Six months of exercise programa twice a week seems to be not enought to improve cognitive function in older people. European Journal of Human Movement, 39, 116-127.
Pedroso, R. V., Cancela, J. M., Ayán, C., Stein, A. M., Fuzaro, G., Costa, J. L. R… & Santos-Galduroz, R. F. (2018). Effects of physical exercise on the p300 of elderly with Alzheimer´s disease, 15(6), 403-410.
García, A. J. y Troyano, Y. (2013). Percepción de autoestima en personas mayores que realizan o no actividad física-deportiva. Escritos de Psicología, 2(6), 35-41.
Moral, J., Orgaz, D., López, S., Amatria, M. y Maneiro, R. (2018). Influence of physical activity on self-esteem and risk of dependence in active and sedentary elderly people. Anales de Psicología, 1(34), 162-166.
Guillén, L., Bueno, E., Gutiérrez, M. y Guerra, J. (2018). Programa de actividad física y su incidencia en la depresión y bienestar subjetivo de adultos mayores. Retos, 33, 14-19.
Awick, E., Ehlers, D., Aguiñaga, S., Daugherty, A., Kramer, A. y McAuley, E. (2017). Effects of a randomized exercise trial on physical activity, psychological distress and quality of life in older adults. General Hospital Psychiatry, 49, 44-50.
Santana, A. (2016). Influencia de la actividad física en el bienestar psicológico del mayor. International Journal of Development and Educational Psychology, 2, 301-306.
Vázquez, C., Hervás, G., Rahona, J. J. y Gómez, D. (2009). Bienestar psicológico y salud: Aportaciones desde la Psicología Positiva. Anuario de Psicología Clínica y de la Salud, 5, 15-28.
Santana, A. (2016). Influencia de la actividad física en el bienestar psicológico del mayor. International Journal of Development and Educational Psychology, 2, 301-306.
García, A. J. y Troyano, Y. (2013). Percepción de autoestima en personas mayores que realizan o no actividad física-deportiva. Escritos de Psicología, 2(6), 35-41.
Medina, I., Romero, R. P., Gálvez, P., Moreno, N., Sánchez, E., Cuesta, J. S. … Barón, F. J. (2016). Alexitimia y depresión en mayores que practican actividad física dirigida. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 5(3), 36-48.
De Juanas, A., Limón, M. R. y Navarro, E. (2013). Análisis del bienestar psicológico, estado de salud percibido y calidad de vida en personas adultas mayores. Pedagogía Social. Revista Interuniversitaria, 22, 153-168.
Montero, P. J. y Baena, A. (2011). Efectos del ejercicio aeróbico sobre los estados de ánimo en mujeres mayores. Retos, 20, 43-47.
Herrera, E., Pablos, A., Chiva-Bartoll, O. y Pablos, C. (2017). Efectos de la Actividad Física en la Salud Percibida y Condición Física de los Adultos Mayores. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 9(1), 27-40.
Orozco, G., Anaya, M., Santiago, J. y García, M. (2016). Cognición, actividades de la vida diaria y variables psicológicas en mujeres adultas mayores practicantes de Tai Chi Chuan (Yang). Retos, 30, 222-225.
Arruza, J. A., Arribas, S., Gil, L., Irazusta, S., Romero, S. y Cecchinni, J. A. (2008). Repercusiones de la duración de la actividad físico-deportiva sobre el bienestar psicológico. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, 30(8), 171-183.
Villareal, M., Moncada, J., Gallegos, J. y Ruiz, F. (2016). El efecto de un programa de ejercicios basado en Pilates sobre el estado de ánimo en adultos mayores Mexicanos. Retos, 30, 106-109.
Silva, R. y Mayán, J. M. (2016). Beneficios psicológicos de un programa proactivo de ejercicio físico para personas mayores. Escritos de Psicología, 1(9), 24-32.
Shiun, P., Tish, M., Oh, B. y Funk, M. (2018). Physical and psychological effects of Qigong exercise in community-dwelling older adults: An exploratory study. Geriatric Nursing, 39, 88-94.
García, M., Bohórquez, R. y Lorenzo, M. (2014). La implicación en la actividad física como fuente de felicidad en personas mayores. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 1(4), 19-30.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186