Please enter verification code
A Qualitative Assessment of Unemployment and Psychology Fresh Graduates’ Job Expectation and Preference
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 21-29
Received: Mar. 28, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 8, 2017; Published: May 9, 2017
Views 2457      Downloads 177
Shimelis Keno Tulu, Department of Psychology, College of Education and Behavioral Science, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study is conducted to assess the fresh graduate of psychology students’ job expectation and preference in relation to the existing high unemployment rate. A simple qualitative research method with a cross sectional research design is employed in order to collect detailed and comprehensive information from the participants. The total number of population for this study is all 87 psychology 3rd year students. Using academic achievement, place of residence and sex as an inclusion criterion, 32 participants (of which 16 were female and the rest 16 were male) were purposefully selected. To collect the desired information, semi-structured interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) were employed. The result of the study revealed that, majority of psychology fresh graduates expect and prefer to be employed in their field of specialization. It is also found that, fresh psychology graduates’ job expectation and preference are affected by their sex, in which female fresh graduates are found to have low expectation and preference. It was also found that, academic achievement and residence have affected fresh psychology graduates’ job expectation and preference. Majority of fresh psychology graduates with high academic achievement expect and prefer to be employed in their field of specialization with the highest salary, unlike those with relatively lower academic achievement. With some exceptions due to sex and academic achievement, majority of psychology fresh graduates’ job expectation and preference are affected by their residence. That is, fresh psychology graduates from rural area are found to have less expectation and preference of being employed in their field of specialization.
Fresh-Graduate, Unemployment, Job Expectation & Preference, Academic Achievement
To cite this article
Shimelis Keno Tulu, A Qualitative Assessment of Unemployment and Psychology Fresh Graduates’ Job Expectation and Preference, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 21-29. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20170602.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ILO (2010). Growth- employment- poverty reduction linkages: A framework for recovery and accelerated progress towards the Millennium Development Goals: Economic Report on Africa 2010.
Adebayo, A. (1999): Youth Unemployment and National Directorate of Employment and self-employment programs: Nigerian Journal of Economics and Social Studies; Vol. 41 (1).
Guarcell, L. and Rosita, F. (2009). Child labor and youth employment in Ethiopia: Youth employment and urban renewal youth employment habitat. World Bank: Washington.
Brunero M, (2008). Youth Employment Problems in Sub-Saharan Africa; The case of South Africa: University of Toronto.
Hanover Research, (2012). High Expectations And Student Success Prepared For Springfield R-Xii Public Schools: District Administration Practice.
Jamal A. and Lim H. (2014). The effectiveness of finishing school programs from the perspectives of graduates and employers: Malaysian Journal of learning and instruction; Vol. 11:147-170.
Tutorials Point., (2015). Job Search Skills help to go ahead. Tutorial point: Simply easy learning.
Valli C., and Gianni, R, (2013). Serving the Labor Market: Job Search Skills for the Young People: International Labor Office.
MIT, (2009). Job Search Guide: Staffing Services, MIT Human Resources Department, 2009.
Azami Zaharim., et, Al, (2010). Employers’ Perceptions and Expectation toward Engineering Graduates: A Study Case. ISSN: 1790-2769.
Daniel L., Tortoricey (2011). Unemployment Expectations and the Business Cycle.
Yunuen Rangel, Jesus E. Peinado, Ramon Lugo, and Francisco J. Flores, (2016). Factorial Composition of the Self-efficacy in the Socio-cultural Sphere Scale in College Freshmen: Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20160501.11.
CSA. (2005). The National Labor Force Survey Central Statistics Agency. Addis Ababa: Ethiopia.
Lynne, M and Diane H. (2008). Young people’s Job Expectations and preferences. University of Surrey: Guildford.
British Council, (2014). Can higher education solve Africa’s job crisis? Understanding graduate employability in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Ume-Amen (2014). Employers’ Expectations versus Performance of Fresh Graduates: Business School. Vol, Xi, No.2.
Melaku, W. (2008). Higher Education Quality Audit in Ethiopia: Analyzing the methods and procedures: Institute for Educational Research: University of Oslo.
Leslie M. (2000). Women and men: Morality & Ethics. Business horizon: Journal of Business ethics.
Trond, P. and Vermond S. (2006). Are females worker less productive than male workers? Institute for Research on labor and employment: University of Berkley: California.
C.S.A. (2005). Report on Labor Force Survey 1999 (Statistical Bulletin), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
MoE (2002). The Education and Training Policy and its Implementation. Policy report Ministry of Education, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Aklilu, A. and Teshome N. (2011). Job Search and graduates employment in Ethiopia: Implications for Program Employment: Addis Ababa University.
Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Lamiaa Ahmed El-Sayed, (2015) Psychosocial and Educational Problems for Undergraduate University Nursing Students: Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 116-124. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20150403.15
Bruce L. Berg. (2001). Qualitative Research Methods for Social Sciences (4th edition). California State University: Long Beach.
Klaus, B and Nicholas M. (2002). A hand Book of Qualitative methodologies for Mass Communication Research: London and New York: Taylor and Francis e-library.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186