Please enter verification code
Analysing the Role of User Control over Environmental Conditions in Stress Reduction
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 45-50
Received: Jan. 14, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 23, 2016; Published: Mar. 1, 2016
Views 5101      Downloads 139
Saeed Haghnia, Interior Architecture Department, Tehran University of Art, Tehran, Iran
Nadieh Imani, Interior Architecture Department, Tehran University of Art, Tehran, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
Research Necessity: Satisfaction of users’ psychological needs should be one of the objectives of architectural design, and designers should consider users’ needs during the design process. Arising stress and over-stimulation is one of the negative and harmful consequences of presence of the user in the related place. Having control over environmental conditions when users are unable to eliminate undesirable factor can be effective on user's adjustment for creating a desirable conditions, according to Irwin Altman’s privacy regulation model. Methodology: By using library resources after a brief review of relevant concepts this paper describes how the control factor can effect on adjusting with environmental alongside with reviewing a case study. Results: Eclectic model of theoretical perspectives presented by Paul Bell has been developed based on human’s receptors and Kahrizak supportive complex of Karaj (Iran) is studied by using outcomes of developed model. Conclusion: Finally, some solutions to the problem of user control over the environment in architectural design are proposed and it is argued that an understanding of these methods is essential to producing effective designs, which will provide comfortable environmental conditions and leads to approach a successful architectural project.
Privacy, Control, Environmental Conditions, Environmental Psychology
To cite this article
Saeed Haghnia, Nadieh Imani, Analysing the Role of User Control over Environmental Conditions in Stress Reduction, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 45-50. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20160502.11
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. 1984. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
Bell, Paul A. 2001. Environmental Psychology. Orlando: McPeek.
Mortazavi, Sh. 2001. Environmental psychology and its application. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Publications.
Hall, Edward T. 1990. The Hidden Dimension. New York: Doubleday.
Einifar, Alireza. 2011. “A study of the perspectives of architecture and environmental psychology.” International journal of architecture and urban development of Iran 1: 27-32.
Altman, Irwin. 1975. The Environment and Social Behavior: Privacy, Personal Space, Territory, Crowding. California: Brooks/Cole.
Hall, Edward T. 1959. The Silent Language. New York: Doubleday.
Allen, V. L., & Greenberger, D. B. (1980). Destruction and perceived control. In A. Baum, & J. Singer (Eds.), Advances in environmental psychology, Vol. 2, pp. 85_209. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Berman, M. G., Jonides, J., & Kaplan, S. 2008. The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature. Psychological Science, 19, 1207_1212.
Andrade, Claudia C. Delvin, Ann S. 2015. Stress reduction in the hospital room: Applying Ulrich's theory of supportive design. Journal of environmental psychology, 41, 125_134.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186