Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 23-28
Received: Jan. 5, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 21, 2015;
Published: Jan. 30, 2015
Views 3435 Downloads 1526
Jamal J. Al-Menayes, Kuwait University, College of Arts, Department of Mass Communication, Kuwait City, Kuwait
This study aimed to examine social media addiction in a sample of university students. Based on the Internet addiction scale developed by Young (1996) the researcher used cross-sectional survey methodology in which a questionnaire was distributed to 1327 undergraduate students with their consent. Factor analysis of the self-report data showed that social media addiction has three independent dimensions. These dimensions were positively related to the users experience with social media; time spent using social media and satisfaction with them. In addition, social media addiction was a negative predictor of academic performance as measured by a student's GPA. Future studies should consider the cultural values of users and examine the context of social media usage.
Jamal J. Al-Menayes,
Dimensions of Social Media Addiction among University Students in Kuwait, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2015, pp. 23-28.
Al-Menayes, J. (2014). The relationship between mobile social media use and academic performance in university students, New Media and Mass Communication, vol. 25, pp. 23-29.
Fu-Yuan Hong and Chiu, D. H. (2012). A model of the relationship between psychological characteristics, mobile phone addiction and use of mobile phones by Taiwanese university female students, Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 28, pp. 2152-2159.
Kuss, D. and M. Griffiths (2012). Internet gaming addiction: a systematic review of empirical research. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, vol. 10, pp. 278-296.
Lau, C. H. (2011). Internet addiction among university students in China. Dissertation: The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Leung, L. (2004). Net-generation attributes and seductive properties of the Internet as predictors of online activities and Internet addiction, Cyberpsychology and Behavior, vol. 7, pp. 333-348.
Madden M, Lenhart A, Cortesi S, Gasser U, Duggan M, Smith A, Beaton M (2013). Teens, social media, and privacy. Pew Research Center. http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2013/PIP_TeensSocialMediaand- Privacy.pdf.
Niemz, K., Griffiths, M. and Banyard, M. (2006). Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, Cyberpsychology and Behavior, vol. 11, pp. 480-483.
Palmgreen, P., and J. D. Rayburn (1985). A comparison of gratification models of media satisfaction. Communication Monographs, 52, 334-346.
Poli, R. and E. Agrimi (2012). Internet addiction disorder: prevalence in Italian student population, Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 66, pp. 55-59.
Przybylski, A., Murayama, K., DeHaan, C. and V. Gladwell (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out, Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 29, pp. 1841-1848.
Selfhout, M. H., Barnje, S. J. Delsing, M., Bogt, T.F. and Meeus, W. H. J., (2009). Different types of Internet use, depression, and social anxiety: The role of perceived friendship quality, Journal of Adolescence, vol. 32, pp. 819-833.
Sun, P., Unger, J. B., Palmer, P. H., Gallaher, P., Chou, C. P., & Baezconde-Garbanati, L. (2005). Internet accessibility and usage among urban adolescents in southern California: implications for web-based health research. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, vol. 8, 441–453.
Yang, S. and Tung, C. (2007). Comparison of Internet addicts and non-addicts in Taiwanese high schools, Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 23, pp. 79-96.
Yu, L. and D. Shek (2013). Internet addiction in Hong Kong adolescents: A three-year longitudinal study, Journal of Pediatric Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 26, pp. 10-17.
Wallace, P. (2014). Internet addiction disorder and youth, EMBO Reports, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 12-16.
Whang, L. S., Lee, S., & Chang, G. (2003). Internet over-user’s psychological profiles: A behavior sampling analysis on Internet addiction. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 6, 143–150.
Widyanto, L. and McMurran, M. (2004). The psychometric properties of the Internet addiction test. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, vol. 7, 443-450.
Yen, C. F., Ko, C. H., Yen, J. Y., Chang, Y. P., & Cheng, C. P. (2009). Multi-dimensional discriminative factors for Internet addiction among adolescents regarding gender and age. Psychiatry and Clinical Neuro- sciences, 63, 357–364.
Young, K. S. (1996). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, vol. 1, 237-244.