Temporal Expectations Affect Retrospective Temporal Judgments: Evidence in Favour of Assimilation Effects
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages: 59-65
Received: Mar. 28, 2013; Published: Apr. 2, 2013
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Florian Klapproth, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
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A study containing four experiments provided evidence in favour of assimilation effects in retrospective duration judgments due to temporal expectations. In this study, the participants did not know in advance that they would have to reproduce the duration of a target interval. Temporal expectations were induced prior to the target interval by the repeated presentation of a visually filled interval (the expectancy interval). Both the duration of the expectancy interval and the number of presentations of that interval were varied between subjects. The experiments showed a clear assimilation effect of temporal expectations on reproduced duration, indicated by judged durations strongly resembling the duration of the ex-pectancy interval. This effect increased with the magnitude of the difference between the expectancy interval and the target interval, and with the number of repetitions of the expectancy interval. Results were discussed with reference to Helson’s adaptation-level theory.
Assimilation Effect; Temporal Expectations; Temporal Reproduction; Retrospective Duration Judgment; Experiment
To cite this article
Florian Klapproth, Temporal Expectations Affect Retrospective Temporal Judgments: Evidence in Favour of Assimilation Effects, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 59-65. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20130202.16
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