Japanese Interpersonal Competences, Narcissism and Moral Affects
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages: 43-50
Received: Mar. 23, 2013; Published: Apr. 2, 2013
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Masayo Uji, Department of Bioethics, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Life Sciences
Toshiaki Nagata, Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Toshinori Kitamura, Kitamura Mental Health Institute, Tokyo
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This study mainly examined two hypotheses: the first, based on Benedict’s argument that Japanese culture is a “culture of shame,” is that Japanese interpersonal competences are facilitated by shame but not guilt, the second, narcissism inhibits use of the Japanese interpersonal competencies. The respondents were 408 Japanese university students. NPI-S, TOSCA-3, and JICS were applied for assessing narcissism, moral affects (guilt and shame), and Japanese interpersonal competences. After confirming the JICS’s two-factor structure (Perceptive Ability and Self-Restraint), structural equation modeling was used in examining the hypotheses on the relationship between narcissism, moral affects, and Japanese inter-personal competencies. The results showed that Japanese interpersonal competences were facilitated by narcissism. Prone-ness to shame left individuals less inclined to adopt the competences, while guilt-proneness stimulated the use of the com-petences. We conclude by discussing the narcissistic attitudes that are common in Japanese culture.
Japanese Interpersonal Competences, Narcissism, Shame, Guilt
To cite this article
Masayo Uji, Toshiaki Nagata, Toshinori Kitamura, Japanese Interpersonal Competences, Narcissism and Moral Affects, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 43-50. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20130202.14
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