Evaluation of a Sun Safety Education Program for High School Students in Beijing, China
Education Journal
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 94-99
Received: Feb. 8, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 9, 2017; Published: Mar. 28, 2017
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Authors
Dihui Lai, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Jianchun Hao, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Yu Fu, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Shaowei Cheng, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
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Abstract
Actions in reducing excessive sun exposure during childhood and adolescence has been a goal of a series of programs. The objective of this study was to evaluate a multi-component high school-based intervention program to increase sun safety knowledge and sun protection behaviors among students in Beijing, China. Volunteers from three high schools in Beijing were randomized to three groups. Group A was given a 2-year intervention program consisting of multi-unit presentations plus a series of educational materials. Group B was given a 1-year intervention program with educational materials only. Group C was served as a control group. Questionnaires were answered by the three groups at baseline, year 1, and year 2. In our study, group A achieved significant improvements in all six questions about the sun and sunscreen knowledge at year 1. Group B achieved significant improvements in two questions. Both groups A and B achieved significant improvements in avoiding sun exposure at noon and seeking shade. Group A achieved improvements in almost all sun knowledge and sun protection behaviors, with the exception of using sunglasses, at year 2 compared with year 1. We conclude that school-based sun protection intervention increases student knowledge and changes student sun protection behaviors. The 2-year program could achieved better results than the 1-year program.
Keywords
Sun Exposure, Sun Safety, Intervention, Adolescents
To cite this article
Dihui Lai, Jianchun Hao, Yu Fu, Shaowei Cheng, Evaluation of a Sun Safety Education Program for High School Students in Beijing, China, Education Journal. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 94-99. doi: 10.11648/j.edu.20170602.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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