Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 236-241
Received: Oct. 14, 2013;
Published: Nov. 10, 2013
Views 3317 Downloads 840
Farangis, Saeedi, Iran ,Guilan University, Rasht
second language acquisition is a difficult process. Negotiation is one way to improve L2 acquisition. Conversation, game and using picture during negotiation process are useful. In this study, attempt to provide some material to induce how negotiation influences on L2 acquisition. Then, a questionnaire is used to ask learners about the process of L2 acquisition. A pre -test is administered to measure the student’s language proficiency. Students are divided into control and experimental group .Then different practices were given to the experimental group and at least a post-test is administrateredto measure students’ progress. Conclusion shows the students learned English during practices. A t- test is used to calculate differences between post-test and pre-test. It is recommended to use this method in elementary levels.
The Effect of Negotiation on Second Language Acquisition, Education Journal.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 236-241.
Ball, Sheryl B. (1999). Pareto optimality in negotiation: A classroom exercise for achieving active learning. Journal of Education for Business, 74(6), 341-346.
Breen, Michael P, & Littlejohn, Andrew. (2000). 1 The significance of negotiation.
De la Fuente, Marıa José. (2002). Negotiation and oral acquisition of L2 vocabulary. Studies in second language acquisition, 24(1), 81-112.
Ellis, Rod, & He, Xien. (1999). the roles of modified input and output in the incidental acquisition of word meanings. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21(2), 285-301.
Ernst, Gisela. (1994). "Talking Circle": Conversation and Negotiation in the ESL Classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 28(2), 293-322.
Foster, Pauline, & Ohta, Amy Snyder. (2005). Negotiation for meaning and peer assistance in second language classrooms. Applied linguistics, 26(3), 402-430.
Gass, Susan M, & Madden, Carolyn G. (1985). Input in Second Language Acquisition: ERIC.
Kanagy, Ruth. (1999). Interactional routines as a mechanism for L2 acquisition and socialization in an immersion context. Journal of Pragmatics, 31(11), 1467-1492.
Long, Michael H. (1983). Native speaker/non-native speaker conversation and the negotiation of comprehensible input1. Applied linguistics, 4(2), 126-141.
McAndrew, Ian, & Phillips, Virginia. (2005). documenting play: Using videotaped interviews to debrief collective bargaining games. Human Resource Management Review, 15(3), 214-225.
Morris, Frank A. (2002). Negotiation moves and recasts in relation to error types and learner repair in the foreign language classroom. Foreign Language Annals, 35(4), 395-404.
Panga Jr, Salvador S, & Grecia-de Vera, Gwen B. (2010). A look at a negotiation 2.0 classroom: Using adventure learning modules to supplement negotiation simulations. Venturing beyond the classroom, 2.
Pica, Teresa. (1996). Do second language learners need negotiation? IRAL, 34(1), 1-21.
Scarcella, Robin C, & Higa, Corrine. (1981). INPUT, NEGOTIATION, AND AGE DIFFERENCES IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION1. Language Learning, 31(2), 409-434.
Varonis, Evangeline Marlos, & Gass, Susan. (1985). Non-native/non-native conversations: A model for negotiation of meaning. Applied linguistics, 6(1), 71-90.
Harris, C. B. (1990). 2. Report from the Eastern Shore: The English Coalition Conference. On literacy and its teaching: issues in English education, 19.