Comparative Study of Individuals with and Without Multiple Sclerosis: Overall Profile of Quality of Life, Exercise, Health Behaviors
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients differ with healthy populations in quality of life parameters, physical activity participation and health behaviors. However, no research has been conducted yet comparing such differences, outlining an overall profile. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the profile of Greek MS patients with healthy individuals, as regards to the quality of life, physical activity involvement, adoption of health behaviors, and levels of depression and anxiety. The sample consisted of 26 MS patients and 90 healthy individuals overall 116 participants. Instruments used included the GLTE Questionnaire, habitual physical activity questionnaire, the SF 36, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Baecke and the Nutritional Behaviors questionnaire. T-test for independent variables was used to locate differences between individuals with or without MS and according to gender. Significance level was set at p <.05. The results showed MS patients as choosing light physical activity (PA) levels compared to healthy participants choosing moderate levels of PA. Healthy individuals also achieved higher scores in leisure time, sport and total physical activity index, exhibiting lower levels of anxiety and depression and better perceived quality of life compared to patients with MS. The profile of MS patients was associated with light PA, lower perceived quality of life, higher anxiety and depression as compared to healthy individuals. Future suggestions were made to examine application of exercise programs and their effect on psychological parameters of individuals with and without MS.
Comparative Study of Individuals with and Without Multiple Sclerosis: Overall Profile of Quality of Life, Exercise, Health Behaviors, International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2018, pp. 55-61.
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