Comparative Effect of Participation in Different Sports on Quality of Life Perception by Inmates of Ilesa Prison in Osun State of Nigeria
International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education
Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 9-15
Received: Feb. 3, 2018;
Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018;
Published: Mar. 29, 2018
Views 1605 Downloads 127
Honestus Ayobami Obadiora, Department of Physical & Health Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Lack of empirical evidence on the influence of sports in the promotion of inmates’ quality of life and their rehabilitation is posing serious challenge to effective use of sports in correctional programmes. This study focused on the effects of different sports on the QOL among inmates in Ilesa Prison in Osun State of Nigeria. The study employed experimental pretest – posttest control research design. This study was carried out over a 10 week period at the Ilesa prison in Osun State, Nigerian. 140 inmates were selected for the study. The respondents were grouped into four sports- athletics, badminton, table-tennis and volleyball. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was adapted and used to determine the QOL of inmates across different sport groups. The data collected on reported quality of life condition of inmates against the different categories of sport participation (athletics, badminton, table-tennis and volley-ball) were analysed with descriptive and inferential statistics. Multiple regression analysis and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to determine whether differences observed on the QOL perception of inmates and participation in different sports are significant. The findings showed that there is a relationship between participation in different sports and quality of life. The result of ANOVA showed that the calculated F-ratio of 12.865 for inmates perception of their quality of life after participation in different sports was significant at p=0.000 when tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of multiple regression showed that quality of life of the prisoners’ increases as they participated in volley ball (β = 0.908), badminton (β = 1.321), Table Tennis (β = 1.521) and athletics (β = 7.401). It was concluded that participation in different sport presents similar and positive effect on the quality of life perception among inmates of Ilesa prison in Nigeria.
Honestus Ayobami Obadiora,
Comparative Effect of Participation in Different Sports on Quality of Life Perception by Inmates of Ilesa Prison in Osun State of Nigeria, International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2018, pp. 9-15.
FGN, Federal Government of Nigeria Prisons Act CAP 366; Laws of the Federation of Nigeria. Suleja: JASCO press, 1990.
King, S., “Prison- A New or Renewed Response to Crimes?” paper Presented at the 4th National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia, New Crimes or New Responses Convened by the Australian Institute Criminology and held in Canberra, from 21st to 22nd June, 2001.
Thomas, JE, The English Prison Officer since 1850. London. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1972.
Hill, I. (1988) The Professional Role of Prison Officers, in D. Biles (ed.), Current Australian Trends in Corrections, Sydney: Federation Press. 8-14.
O’Brien P. (1998) “Prison on the Continent, Europe 1865-1965” in N. Morris and D. J. Rothman, The Oxford History of the Prison. Oxford University Press, Oxford; 203-231.
Enuku-Evawoma U., Humanizing the Nigerian Prison Through Literacy Education: Echoes from Afar. JCE March, 2001, 52 (1). Available at http://www.nwlincs.org/correctional_education/articles/nigerianprison-enuku.pdf., accessed on 2nd September, 2017.
Obadiora, A. H. (2017) “Effect of Sport Participation on Quality of Life among Inmates of Ilesa Prison”. A project thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy in Physical Education of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria, 2017.
Rokicka E., ‘The Concept of ‘Quality of Life’ in the Context of Economic Performance and Social Progress in D. EiBel et al. (eds.), Welfare State at Risk. Springer, Switzerland, 2014.
Marcel W. M. (2014) Definitions of Quality of Life: What Has Happened and How to Move On, Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 20 (3):167–180.
WHO (1998) WHOQOL User Manual. Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
WHOQOL Group (1995) The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organization. Social Science and Medicine, 1995, 41, 1403-1409.
Benson, J. F., & Roe, M. H., Landscape and sustainability. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2007.
WHO (1996) World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument. Short Version (WHOQOL-Bref).
Charles, A. T., Social Interaction in Nigerian Prison. (Unpublished M. Sc Thesis, Department of Sociology, A. B. U., Zaria, 1988.
Patriksson, G. (1995) Sport et activité physique, in CDDS, Le rôle du sport dans la societé: santé socialisation, économie. Strasbourg: Les éditions du Conseil de l'Europe, 123-142.
UK Ministry of Justice (2010) Green paper on sentencing and rehabilitation.Justice Secretary Ken Clarke publication.
Emily, B. K. (2002) The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: a systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 22: 73-107.
Pérez-Moreno, F., Cámara-Sánchez, M., Tremblay, J. F., Riera-Rubio, V. J., Gil-Paisán1, L., and Lucia, A. (2007) Benefits of Exercise in Spanish Prison Inmates. Int J Sports Med; 28: 1–7, 2007.
WHO (2003) Health and Development Though Physical Activity and Sport. Geneva, Wito Document Production Services.
American College of Sports Medicine (1995) Osteoporosis and Exercise: a position stand. MSSE, 27, 1-7.
McAuley, E. and Morris, K. S., Advances in Physical Activity and Mental Health: Quality of Life. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. Vol. X No. X. 2007.
Krause, S. J. and Stanwyck, C. A. (1998) Locus of control and life adjustment: Relationship among people with spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Counselling Bulletin, 41 (3):162-172.
Obadiora A. H. (2016) “The influence of sport participation on quality of life perceptions among inmates in Nigeria prisons.” Journal of Sport for Development Vol. 4, 2016, pp. 36-43.
Shephard, R. J., Aging and Exercise. In: Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science, T. D. Fahey (Editor). Internet Society for Sport Science: http://sportsci.org. 7 March 1998.
Oladimeji, B. Y. (2005) Psychological Assessment Techniques in Health Care. Obafemi Awolowo University Press Limited, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Rejeski WJ, and Mihalko SL. (2001) Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. JGerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 56 (2): 23-35.
Berger, B. (1996) 'Psychological benefits of an active lifestyle: what we know and what we need to know', Quest 48: 330 -353.
Obadiora, A. H. (2003) Correctional Recreation in the Psychological Treatment and Rehabilitation of Drug Dependents in Yaba Psychiatric Hospital and Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Aro-Abeokuta. Unpublished M. A. Thesis submitted to the Department of Physical and Health Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.