Self-Versus Employees’ Appraisal of Managers’ Emotional Intelligence. The Case of Gweru and Kwekwe City Councils, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe
Frontiers in Cognitive Psychology
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 72-81
Received: Jun. 21, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 13, 2017; Published: Aug. 10, 2017
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Vonai Chirasha, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Social Science, Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe
Crispen Chipunza, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Central University of Technology, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Lewis Dzimbiri, Department of Political and Administrative Studies, Faculty of Social Science, Chancellor University, Zomba, Malawi
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Emotional Intelligence has become increasingly popular as a management tool for boosting performance at work. Despite this popularity, there is no sustained research in Zimbabwe that substantiates the efficacy of emotional intelligence especially within municipality environments. Using Goleman’s four clusters of emotional intelligence self-awareness, emotional intelligence self-management, emotional intelligence awareness of others and emotional intelligence management of others managers rated themselves high as compared to employee ratings. The results indicate that managers may be clueless as to employee perceptions of their behaviour. It is important that managers constantly get feedback from those they lead so that they improve their attitude and behaviour. Using purposive and stratified sampling techniques, 32 managers and 400 subordinates participated in the study. The instrument that measured Goleman’s emotional intelligence through self-rating was reliable with Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficients ranging from emotional self-awareness 0.846, emotional self-management 0.886, emotional awareness of others 0.939 and emotional intelligence management of others 0.960. The instrument used by employees to rate managers was also reliable with the Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficients ranging from emotional intelligence self-awareness 0.807, emotional intelligence self-management 0.834, emotional intelligence awareness of others 0.858 and emotional intelligence management of others 0.945. The hypothesis that self-rating and others’ rating can-not be same was validated.
Goleman s Emotional Competence, Inventory (ECI) Self-Appraisal, Appraisal by Others, Cronbach s Alpha Reliability Coefficients, Accurate Reporting
To cite this article
Vonai Chirasha, Crispen Chipunza, Lewis Dzimbiri, Self-Versus Employees’ Appraisal of Managers’ Emotional Intelligence. The Case of Gweru and Kwekwe City Councils, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe, Frontiers in Cognitive Psychology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 72-81. doi: 10.11648/j.fcp.20170203.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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