Please enter verification code
Confirm
Identification of Effective Components for Creation of Rituals in Public Spaces, Promotion of Social Values and Capital
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 81-88
Received: Jun. 8, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 10, 2015; Published: Aug. 7, 2015
Views 4569      Downloads 113
Authors
Mohammad Moayedi, Urbanism Department, School of Architecture & Urbanism, Iran University of Science & Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran
Seyed Komeyl Salehi, Urbanism Department, School of Architecture & Urbanism, Iran University of Science & Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran
Reza Kheyroddin, Urbanism Department, School of Architecture & Urbanism, Iran University of Science & Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
An important aspect effective on city sustainability is ‘Social sustainability’ heeded such that numerous connoisseurs consider ‘social wealth’ a criterion of urban social sustainability. Also social rituals and values today reckon cultural source significance that when targeted on social relation production in society can develop social capital. An important bedding of ritual and urban social relations manifestation is urban public spaces. These spaces are considered association of nation shared perceptions carrying along socio cultural heritage, collective memory recreation and a site to present common social rites and values. Therefore, the significance of rituals at present just like urban public spaces during various cycles has impelled its essentiality to undertake replication on citizen’s cultural socio and psychological needs. By application of analytical descriptive method and library studies, this article is in addition to studying and analyzing the relative concept to discover effective components on urban public spaces for boosting public investment in consideration of rites and ritual ceremonies. That is why these findings truly indicate that ritual ceremony is an occasion for nations that on the basis of inner self inclination originating from creeds and beliefs to voluntarily and spontaneously attend public spaces and participate in activities. Hence, the impression of rituals and its relation with nation presence has also a serious impact on spatial structure. In addition, by promotion of public attendance and targeted social relation level promotion in urban public spaces, social investment is also effected by components such as attachments, dependency, commitments, participation and belief and creeds fortifications.
Keywords
Social Sustainability, Social Capital, Ritual, Urban Public Spaces
To cite this article
Mohammad Moayedi, Seyed Komeyl Salehi, Reza Kheyroddin, Identification of Effective Components for Creation of Rituals in Public Spaces, Promotion of Social Values and Capital, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Research and Practice in Architecture and Urban Studies in Developing Countries. Vol. 3, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 81-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.s.2015030201.26
References
[1]
Gehl, J. Public space, public life, Copenhangen: Danish architectural press. 2004.
[2]
Ghel,J, Life Between Building Using Public Space, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 1987.
[3]
Lennard & Lennard. Public life in urban places, Godlier, Southampton. 1984.
[4]
Rezaei Sharif, Ali, Connection with Schools: Theory and Research and , easurement procedures, Tehran, Diyar Publications, 2012.
[5]
Benaim,A,AmberC.Collins,Luke,Raftis,.Exploring the social dimension of sustainable development, Sweden, School of Engineering Blekinge Institute of Technology Karlskrona, 2008.
[6]
Estes,Richard,Social welfare and development, partners or competitors ,university of pennsylvania,2001.
[7]
Johnston, Michael, social development as an anticorruption strategy, international anticorruption conference,cancun,guintana roo,mexico,1993.
[8]
Ghaffari, Gholam Reza & Omidi, Reza, Quality of Life Indicators of Social Development, Tehran, Shirazeh Publishers; 2009.
[9]
Raeissi, Iman & Habibi Abolfazl, Writing on Social Sustainability in Housing, Abadi Quarterly, 2009, No. 55;
[10]
Habibi, Mohsen, Urban Spaces, True Life Events and Collective Memory, Safeh Journal, Ninth year, 2008, No. 28, spring and summer;
[11]
Raco,M,“Building Sustainable Communities- Spatial Policy, Place Imagination and labour Mobility in post war in Britain”,Bristol,Policy Press,2007.
[12]
UN-HABITAT, an asset-based approch to community development and capacity building. Nairobi: Earthscan publication. 2008.
[13]
Eade, Deborah; Williams, Suzanne. The Oxfam Handbook of development and Relief. London: Oxfam Publication. 1995,
[14]
De Vita, Carol J; Fleming, Cory; Twombly, Eric C. Building Noneprofit Capacity:A Framework for Addressing the Problem. In C. J. De Vita, & C. Fleming, Building Capacity in Noneprofit Organizations ,2001, pp. 5-33, Washinton D.C : The Urban Institute.
[15]
Grootaert, C , Social capital, the missing link, Social Bank, 1999. No. 14.
[16]
Shafeia, Saeed, The Study of the Relationship between Social Capital and Sustainable Development of Local Economy, ‘Research on Informal Neighborhood New Shemiran Entrepreneurs, Proceedings of First Conference of Urban Economics, Mashhad, 2011, p. 1-16;
[17]
Durkheim,E, Education and Sociology, Glencolll: Free Press, 1956.
[18]
Bocock, R, Ritual in Industrial Society. London Allen & Ynwin, 1974.
[19]
Torabi, Ali Reza, City and Rituals, Municipalities Monthly, Fifth year, 2004, No. 59, p. 4;
[20]
Ghorab, Nasser-Al-Din, Silent True Religion, Municipalities Quarterly, Fifth year, 2004, No. 59, p. 17;
[21]
Hall,S, and Jefferson, T, Resistance through Rituals- Youth cultures in Post War Britian. London, Huchinson, 1976.
[22]
Rouhl Amini, Mahmoud, Ancient Rituals and Celebrations in Iran Today, Tehran, Agah Publication, 1997.
[23]
Carrier, Rob, Urban Spaces, Translated by Khosrow Hashemi, Khak Publications, Tehran, 2005.
[24]
Bahreini, Hossein, Urban Design Process, Tehran University, Tehran, 2003.
[25]
Habibi, Abolfazl, Housing Design Approach to Social Stability, Master thesis, Ghazvin Islamic Azad University, 2009, p. 17-18;
[26]
Tanyks, Forn, Space, Urban and Social Theory (Social Ceremonies and Urban Forms), Translated by: Hamid Reza Parsi and others, Tehran University Publication, Tehran, 2009.
[27]
Rapaport, A. The meaning of the Built Environment: A Nonverbal Communication, Arizona: University of Arizona press . 1990.
[28]
Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh, The Sense of Place and its Constituent Elements, Tehran, Beauty Fine Arts, 2006, No. 26, p.57-66;
[29]
Lynch, Quinn, The Theory of Urban Good Shape, Translated by Seyed Hossein Bahraini, Tehran, Tehran University Publications, 1997.
[30]
Pir Babaei, Mohammad Taghi & Sajadzadeh, Hassan, Collective attachment to place Realization of Social Housing in the Traditional Neighborhood, 2011, No. 16, Year 8, p. 17-28;
[31]
Norberg- Shulz, Ch. The phenomenon of place, pricton Architecturak press, New York. 1997.
[32]
Hayden,Dolores, What would a non- sexist city be like?, Speculations on housing, urban design and human work, in legates, Richard and Frederic stout, eds, the city reader, routledge, London,1996.
[33]
Pakzad Jahanshah, Polls close on Public, Quarterly Journal of Architecture, 2007, eighth year, Nos. 29-30;
[34]
Madanipour,A, Design of Urban Space: An inquiry into a socio-spatial process,Tehran, Press processing and urban planning, 2000.
[35]
Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh, The Sense of Place and its Constituent Elements, Tehran, Beauty Fine Arts, 2006, No. 26, p.57-66;
[36]
Hummon, D. Community Attachment: Local sentimant & sense of place, plenum. New York. 1992.
[37]
Cross, J.E.What is sense of place, Research on place & space website, 20 feb. 2001.
[38]
Shamai, Sh,Sense of place: An empirical measurement, Isreael, ceoforum . 1991. volume 22, pp. 347–358
[39]
Maddox, S. J and Prinz, R. J. School bonding in children and adolescents: Conceptualization, assessment, and associated variables, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, . 2003, 6 (1), p: 31-49.
[40]
Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh, 2005, The Physical Layout of a Sense of Place in the Mosque, Tehran, Beauty Fine Arts Journal, No. 22, p. 35-42;
[41]
Pakzad Jahanshah, Deep Thoughts on Urban, Tehran, Shahidi Publication, 2009.
[42]
Javan Forouzandeh, Ali & Motalebi, Ghassem, The Concept of Sense of Belonging to a Place and its Constituent Elements, Journal of Urban Identity, 2011, No. 8, p. 27-37;
[43]
Modiri, Atoussa, Place, Urban Identity Publications, 2008, Second Year, No. 2, p. 69-79;
[44]
Mir Shokraie, Mohammad, Market and Ritual Ceremonies, Arts Monthly, 2002, February& March, p. 26-30;
[45]
Motalebi, Ghassem, Recognition of Form and Function in Architecture, Beauty Fine Arts Journal, 2006, No. 25, p. 55-64;
[46]
Khastov, Maryam & Saeed Rezvani, Naveed, Factors Affecting the Vitality of Urban Spaces, Urban Identity Publishers, Fourth year, 2009, No. 6, p. 63-74;
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186