An Economically Sustainable Urban Public Transport Framework: System Dynamics Modelling Approach to Reduce Public Transport Liberalisation Impact in Harare City
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-2, April 2015, Pages: 11-21
Received: Feb. 20, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 11, 2015; Published: Jul. 28, 2015
Views 5939      Downloads 180
Portia Mupfumira, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, School of Engineering and Technology, Harare Institute of Technology, Harare, Zimbabwe
Budisantoso Wirjodirdjo, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Public transportation plays a key role to socio-economic development of any nation. This service enhances people’s livelihood framework by facilitating mobility and accessibility to services. Moreover, there is clear global evidence that a well performing public transport is an important enabler of sustained economic prosperity. Rapid urbanization in developing countries has resulted in transport facilities and infrastructure failing to cope with demand resulting in congestion, movement delays, high travel costs, and construction of holding bays in order to decongest the city, which will contribute to an increased usage of non-renewable energy. This prompts implementation of non-comprehensive strategies such as partial deregulation of transportation systems that caused further deterioration in economic sustainability. An economically sustainable transport system advocates for mobility, resource, and operational efficiency. This research focuses on developing a bus investment conceptual framework of a public transport system that improves mobility, resource, and operational efficiency to aid in sustaining of public transportation system for an unforeseeable future. With this in mind, a Harare bus investment system has been modelled as a policy framework model to evaluate its economic sustainability. This will help develop a long-term economically sustainable public transportation and reduce the overall impact of the earlier liberalisation of the transportation sector
Public Transportation, System Dynamic, Partial Deregulation, Economic Sustainability, Bus Investment
To cite this article
Portia Mupfumira, Budisantoso Wirjodirdjo, An Economically Sustainable Urban Public Transport Framework: System Dynamics Modelling Approach to Reduce Public Transport Liberalisation Impact in Harare City, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Design Innovations for Sustainable Development. Vol. 3, No. 2-2, 2015, pp. 11-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.s.2015030202.13
Beuhler, & Pucher. (2011). Making public transport sustainable. Transport policy, 18.
Chideme, M. (2013, 05/26/2013). Zimbabwe: 6 000 Kombi's Illegal On Harare Roads, The Herald Zimbabwe.
Dirgahayani, P., & Nakamura, F. (2012). Fostering partnerships towards sustainable urban mobility from the national to local level: Matsuyama, Japan and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. IATSS research, 36(1), 48-55.
Egilmez, G., & Tatari, O. (2012). A dynamic modeling approach to highway sustainability: Strategies to reduce overall impact. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 46(7), 1086-1096.
Holden, E., Linnerud, K., & Banister, D. (2013). Sustainable passenger transport: Back to Brundtland. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 54, 67-77.
Kodero, K. (2005). Pro-poor transport policy: Meeting the challenge in Zimbabwe
Kwan, C., & Blanco, E. (2009). System Dynamics Modeling of the SmartWay Transport Partnership. Paper presented at the Second International Symposium on Engineering Systems.
Low, N. (2003). Is Urban Transport Sustainable?
Mahachi, T. (2012). City of Harare strategic plan 2012 - 2025
Mbara, T., & Maunder, A. (1996). The initial effects of introducing commuter omnibus services in Harare, Zimbabwe: Overseas Centre, Transport Research Laboratory, Crownthorne, Berkshire, United Kingdom.
Mbara, T., & Maunder, D. (1995). Sudden Impact? GLOBAL TRANSPORT.
Mbara, T. C. (2002). Transport: How have African Cities managed the sector? What are the possible options. urban and city management course for Africa, Uganda.
Menard, C., & Ghertman, M. (2009). Regulation, deregulation, reregulation: institutional perspectives: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Nyarirangwe, M., & Mbara, T. (2007). Public Transport Service Modal choice, affordablity and perceptions in an unpalatable economic environment: the case of an Urban Corridor in Harare (Zimbabwe). SATC 2007.
Pirie, G. (2013). Sustainable Urban Mobility in ‘Anglophone’ Sub-Saharan Africa. In U. Nations. (Ed.), Global Report on Human Settlements. Un-Habitat.
Sterman, J. D. (2000). Business dynamics: Systems thinking and modelling for a complex world (International Edition ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education: Jeffrey J. Shelstad.
Thuong, L., & Noi, H. (2003). System dynamic applied to study the urban traffic congestion of Hanoi. [Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies]. Vol.4.
UN-Habitat. (2013). Sustainable Cities Programme.
UNEP. Public transport. United Nations Environment Programme Retrieved 22 October, 2013, from
Voula, M., & Pedersen, J. (1998). Urban Sustainability Indicators.
Zietsman, J., Rilett, L. R., & Kim, S.-J. (2003). Sustainable transport performance measures for developing communities 6. Performing Organization Code.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186