Prevalence of Anaemia and Associated Factors Among Children Aged 03-06 Years in Rural Haryana
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 107-111
Received: Jan. 30, 2017; Accepted: May 31, 2017; Published: Jul. 12, 2017
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Authors
Majra Jai. Pal., Department of Community Medicine, BPSGMC(W), Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, India
Pinki, BPSGMC(W), Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, India
Verma Ramesh, Department of Community Medicine, BPSGMC(W), Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, India
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Abstract
Three fourth among Indian children are reported anaemic. Diet poor in iron are effecting their overall growth and development. In this community based cross sectional study all the children aged 3-6 years attending Anganwadis in the rural Haryana state in India were studied. A Semi-structured, pilot tested questionnaire was used to collect data regarding socio-demographic profile, dietary intake, and utilization of health services. Haemoglobin estimation was done by cyanmethaemoglobin method. SPSS (version 17.0) software was used. Rates, proportion and chi square test were used to analyze the data. Sample size was 402 and response rate was 93.5%. Mean age of the participants was 4.24±0.89 years. The study reported that 271(72.07%) of the children aged between 3-6 years in the study area were anaemic. Anaemia was more prevalent among 177(83.1%) girls, 46(79.3) with Low Birth Weight, 139(85.8%) underweight children and 179(79.9%) children not taking Fruits and Vegetables at least once a day and differences were statistically significant. Prevalence of anaemia among children taking IFA supplementation and de-worming was 10(58.8). The study concludes that all most three fourth of children aged 3-6 years in the study areas were anaemic due to gap in quantity and quality of iron rich foods in their diet. It is recommended to strengthen the IFA supplementation and de-worming program for the children as well create awareness among the community for better use of locally available iron rich foods like fruits/ vegetables and haem-iron rich foods of animal origin.
Keywords
Anaemia, Children, Haemoglobin, Nutritional Status, Socio-economic Status
To cite this article
Majra Jai. Pal., Pinki, Verma Ramesh, Prevalence of Anaemia and Associated Factors Among Children Aged 03-06 Years in Rural Haryana, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 107-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.20170504.18
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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