A Participatory Assessment of Forest Biodiversity Resources and Level of Threat in Hararge Area, Eastern Ethiopia
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 67-73
Received: Mar. 15, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 5, 2017;
Published: Jun. 14, 2017
Views 2376 Downloads 173
Tahir Abdala, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Harar Biodiversity Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Girma Eshetu, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Harar Biodiversity Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Abebe Worku, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Harar Biodiversity Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Ethiopia was endowed with abundant and diversified flora and fauna. Especially, forest ecosystem is one the important habitats which provide as home of variety of life. Thus, wood vegetation that covered almost all of the area is reduced due to miss management, limited awareness of forest value and high population pressure. Particularly, the forest resources of Harari region, eastern and west Hararge zone has been degraded dramatically. The study was conducted in eastern part of Ethiopia in both east and west Hararge zones. The aim of the study was to collect and document threatened forest Biodiversity species found in the study area for conservation priority. Data were collected community based participatory using single visit transect walk, informal interviews of elder community and review other literature. The collected data was summarized by table, percent and figure. A total of 112 forest species were recorded. Out of them 34.8% plant species were highly threatened, 22.3% species near threatened and 42.9% were least threatened plant species. Hence, it is recommended to establish legal basis for the in situ and ex situ conservation sites for the conservation of the priority species. In addition, there is an urgent need to apply biotechnology to propagate some of the priority species and raise public awareness on the value of forest genetic resources.
A Participatory Assessment of Forest Biodiversity Resources and Level of Threat in Hararge Area, Eastern Ethiopia, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2017, pp. 67-73.
Biodiversity Data Source book, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, WCMC, World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK, 1994.
Hedberg, I., Friis, I. and Person, E., Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, the National Herbarium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Uppsala, Sweden, General Part and Indexes, vol. 1-8, 2009.
Hartshorn, G. S., “Application of gap theory to tropical forest management: Natural regeneration on strip clear-cuts in the Peruvian Amazon,” Ecology, vol. 70, pp. 567-569, 1989.
Sabogal, C., “Regeneration of tropical dry forest in central America with examples from Nicaragua,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 3, pp. 407-416, 1992.
Legesse Negash, “Indigenous Trees: Biology, Uses and Propagation Techniques,” Addis Ababa University Press, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ISBN 978-99944-52-27-9. pp. 386, 1995.
Demel Teketay, “Seed ecology and regeneration in dryafromontane forest of Ethiopia,” Doctoral Theses, Swedish university of Agricultural science, Silvestria, 1996.
Skole, D. and Tuker, C., “Tropical Deforestation and Habitat Fragmentation in the Amazon: satellite data from1978 to 1988,” Science vol., 260, no., 12, pp., 1905-1910, 1993.
Environmental protection Authority (EPA), “Conservation Strategy of Ethiopia,” Enviromental Protection Authority, Federal democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa. Ethiopian Journal of Biodiversity Vol. 1, no., 1, 2015.
Forest Genetics Resources Conservation Strategy of Ethiopia. German Development Cooperation (GIZ) and Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, 2002.
Forest Development, Conservation and Utilization Proclamation, Proclamation no. 542/2007, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2007.
Reusing, M., “Change detection in natural high forests of Ethiopia using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques,” IAPR vol., 33 pp., 1253 – 1258, 2000.
Shibru Tedla, “Protected Areas Management Crisis in Ethiopia,” Walia, vol., 16, pp., 17 - 30, 1995.
TewoldBerhan G. Egziaber, “The importance of Ethiopia forests in the conservation Arabic coffee gene-pools,” In: Proceeding of the 12th plenary meeting AETFAT, SymposiumI. Allg. Bot. Humburg Band vol., 26a, pp., 65 - 72, 1990.
Desta Hamito, “Research Methods in forestry, Principle, Practices with Particular Reference to Ethiopia,” Larenstein University of Professional Edition, Netherland, 2001.
Tadesse Woldemariam and Demel Teketay, “The forest coffee ecosystems: On-going crises, problems and opportunities for coffee gene conservation and sustainable utilization. In: Imperative problems associated with forestry in Ethiopia,” Workshop proceedings, Biological Society of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, pp. 131 – 142, 2001.
Tadesse Woldemariam, Denich, M. and Demel Teketay, “Human impacts on the Cofea arabica gene pool in Ethiopia and the need for its in situ conservation,” In: Managing Plant genetic Diversity, Engels, J. M. M., Rao, V. R., Brown, A. H. D. and Jackson, M. T. eds., pp. 237 – 247, Cambredge International Press, USA, 2002.
NBSAP, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan of Ethiopia (2015-2020). IBC, Addis Ababa, 2015.
Demel Teketay, “Human impact on a natural montane forest in south-eastern Ethiopia,” Mount. Res. Dev. Vol., 12, pp., 393-400, 1992.
Tadesse Woldemariam, “Vegetation of the Yayu forest in Southwest Ethiopia: Impacts of human use and Implications for In situ conservation of Wild Coffea arabica L. Populations,” Ecology and Development Series, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, 2003.
Feyera Senbeta and Denich, M., “Effects of wild coffee management on species diversity in the Afromontane rainforests of Ethiopia,” Fhor. Ecol. Manag, vol., 232, pp., 68 - 74, 2006.
The State Of Forest Genetic Resources of Ethiopia, Country Report Submitted to FAO, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, IBC, 2012a.
Vivero, J. L., Ensermu Kelbessa and Sebsebe Demissew, “The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea,” Cambridge Printing press, Abanson Production 17 Sturton street Cambridge CB1 2QG, U. K. pp 8-28., 2005.
Demle Teketay, “Floristic composition of Gara Muleta and Kundedo Mountains, South eastern Ethiopia: implications for the conservation of biodiversity,” The Biodiversity of African Plants, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp., 345 – 350, 1996.