The Solubility - Intrinsic Dissolution Rate of Diazepam and Inclusion Complexes Diazepam with 2-Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 1, Issue 1, July 2013, Pages: 24-35
Received: May 15, 2013;
Published: Jun. 10, 2013
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Hadžiabdić J., Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Elezović A., Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hadžović S., Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vehabović M., Bosnalijek d.d., Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
When the fast absorption of diazepam is needed in order to suppress febrile convulsions and epileptic seizures, the most suitable is intravenous application diazepam. To avoid inappropriate self administration of such diazepam dosage form, orodispersible tablets of diazepam would be the dosage form of choice. Poor solubility of diazepam in water is directly related to its dissolution rate after release from a solid dosage form. Inadequate dissolution rate of diazepam can be the limiting factor for its absorption rate. Inclusion complexation of diazepam with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin was carried out to increase the solubility of diazepam at pH 6.8. Determination of the intrinsic dissolution rate of diazepam as well as complexated diazepam was carried out to predict the absorption rate of diazepam at given pH value. The solubility of micronized diazepam (particle size 5.4 µm) at pH 6.8, was 0.043 mg mL-1, while the solubility of non-micronized diazepam (particle size 414.8 µm) at the same pH was 0.036 mg mL-1. Inclusion complexation of diazepam with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin resulted in increased solubility of diazepam. One mole of 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin increased the solubility of micronized diazepam 6.82 fold, while two moles of 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin increased the solubility of diazepam 12.55 fold. Given that the values of intrinsic dissolution rates (IDR) of micronized diazepam, non-micronized diazepam and inclusion complex D: 2-HP-β-CD 1:1 were less than 0.1 mg min-1 cm-2, the absorption of diazepam dissolution would be the rate limiting step to absorption, while the inclusion complex D: 2-HP-β-CD 1:2 where an IDR value was greater than 0.1 mg min-1 cm-2 at pH 6.8, suggested that its dissolution might be the rate-limiting step to absorption. Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin increased the solubility of diazepam at pH 6.8, thus increasing the dissolution rate and causing faster absorption of diazepam at pH 6.8.
The Solubility - Intrinsic Dissolution Rate of Diazepam and Inclusion Complexes Diazepam with 2-Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 24-35.
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