Empirical Study of Re-Establishment of Municipal Utilities in Germany
International Journal of Business and Economics Research
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 124-133
Received: Sep. 25, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 14, 2017; Published: Nov. 16, 2017
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Author
Takuo Nakayama, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
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Abstract
In recent years, a number of new municipal utilities (Stadtwerke) re-established in energy sector in Germany. From the end of 1980s through the 1990s, the privatization of utilities and outsourcing was a dominant trend; recently, a reverse paradigm can be seen, with local governments showing a remarkable tendency to establish new public energy companies. In this paper, focusing on trends in re-municipalization of energy business occurring in Germany, especially focusing on decentralized power systems by municipalities. On the other hand, this paper confirmed the concept of re-municipalization and clarified the goal that the local governments are aiming for. Through the activities, these municipalities are aiming to work at all stages of the value chain of new local economic value added creation. These activities cover many areas related to energy supply.
Keywords
Municipal Utility, Re-Municipalization, Local Value Added, Decentralized Energy System, Renewable Energy
To cite this article
Takuo Nakayama, Empirical Study of Re-Establishment of Municipal Utilities in Germany, International Journal of Business and Economics Research. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 124-133. doi: 10.11648/j.ijber.20170605.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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